The essays in this volume, each written by an acknowledged expert in the field, trace the fortunes of British coal technology as it spread across the European continent, from Sweden and Russia to the Alps and Spain, and supply an authoritative picture of industrial transformation in one of the key industries of the 19th century. In this period iron making in continental Europe was transformed by the take-up of technologies such as coke smelting and iron puddling that had already revolutionised the British iron industry. The transfer of British technologies was fundamental to European industrialisation, but that transfer was not straightforward. The techniques that had proved so successful in Britain had to be adapted to local circumstances elsewhere, for charcoal-fired techniques proved surprisingly durable. More often than not, as these studies show, coal-fired methods were incorporated into traditional production systems, making for the proliferation of technological hybrids. Overall, it is diversity that stands out. Some European regions (southern Belgium) came near to the British model; others (Spain) persisted with charcoal technology into the late 19th century. Some countries (Sweden) adopted British organisational principles but not the reliance on coal; others (Russia) maintained different iron making sectors - one coal-based, the other loyal to charcoal - in parallel.
'… well-written individual contributions provide a valuable addition to our knowledge of the complexities of technology transfer during industrialization.' Business History 'This book makes an invaluable contribution to our understanding of technology transfer and the global modernization of the iron industry.' Technology and Culture ’…these well-researched papers deepen our understanding of the role of iron technology in the Industrial Revolution.’ Ambix
Contents: Preface; the Industrial Revolution in iron: an introduction, Chris Evans and GÃ¶ran Rydén; The Industrial Revolution in iron in the British Isles, Chris Evans; Foreign trade - transfer - adaptation: British iron making technology on the continent (Belgium and France), Rainer Fremdling; The diffusion of coke smelting and puddling in Germany 1796-1860, Ralf Banken; The French iron and steel industry during the Industrial Revolution, Jean-FranÃ§ois Belhoste and Denis Woronoff; Good ore but no coal, or coal but bad ore. Responses to the British challenge in the Habsburg monarchy, Akos Paulinyi; Responses to coal technology without coal. Swedish iron making in the 19th century, GÃ¶ran Rydén; 19th-century Russian and 'western' ferrous metallurgy: complementary or competitive technologies?, Ian Blanchard; British technology and Spanish iron making during the 19th century, Emiliano FernÃ¡ndez de Pinedo and Rafael Uriarte Ayo; Bibliography; Index.