The Informal Economy Revisited: Examining the Past, Envisioning the Future, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

The Informal Economy Revisited

Examining the Past, Envisioning the Future, 1st Edition

Edited by Martha Chen, Françoise Carré

Routledge

336 pages | 12 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9780367191511
pub: 2020-07-13
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Description

This landmark volume brings together leading scholars in the field to investigate recent conceptual shifts, research findings and policy debates on the informal economy as well as future challenges and directions for research and policy. Well over half of the global workforce and the vast majority of the workforce in developing countries work in the informal economy, and in countries around the world new forms of informal employment are emerging.   Yet the informal workforce is not well understood, remains undervalued and is widely stigmatized.  

Contributors to the volume bridge a range of disciplinary perspectives including anthropology, development economics, law, political science, social policy, sociology, statistics, urban planning and design. The Informal Economy Revisited also focuses on specific groups of informal workers, including homeworkers, street vendors and waste pickers, to provide a grounded insight into disciplinary debates. Ultimately, the book calls for a paradigm shift in how the informal economy is perceived to reflect the realities of informal work in the global South, as well as the informal practices of the State and Capital, not just Labour. 

The Informal Economy Revisited is the culmination of twenty years of pioneering work by WIEGO (Women in Informal Employment: Globalizing and Organizing), a global network of researchers, development practitioners and organizations of informal workers in 90 countries. Researchers, practitioners, policy makers and advocates will all find this book an invaluable guide to the significance and complexities of the informal economy, and its role in today’s globalized economy.

Table of Contents

List of illustrations

List of Contributors

Acknowledgements

INTRODUCTION – Martha Chen and Françoise Carré

PART 1 – THE INFORMAL ECONOMY REVISITED

1. Informality: The Bane of the Labouring Poor under Globalized Capitalism – Jan Breman

2. India’s Informal Economy: Past, Present and Future – Barbara Harriss-White

PART 2 – INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT: ADVANCES IN STATISTICS AND RESEARCH

3. Informal Employment: Advances in Statistics and WlEGO’s Contribution – Joann Vanek

4. Informal Employment in Developed Countries: Relevance and Statistical Measurement – Françoise Carré

5. The Measurement of Informal Employment in Mexico – Rodrigo Negrete

6. WIEGO Research on Informal Employment: Key Methods, Variables and Findings – Martha Chen

PART 3 – ECONOMICS AND THE INFORMAL ECONOMY

7. Assessing Taxation and Informality: Disaggregated Frameworks Matter – Ravi Kanbur

8. Informality and the Dynamics of the Structure of Employment – James Heintz

9. Old and New Forms of Informal Employment – Uma Rani

10. Tax and the Informal Economy: Lessons from South Africa – Imraan Valodia and David Francis

11. (Re)conceptualizing Poverty and Informal Employment – Michael Rogan and Paul Cichello

PART 4 – LABOUR LAW AND THE INFORMAL ECONOMY

12. Revising Labour Law for Work – Judy Fudge

13. Domestic Workers and Informality: Challenging Invisibility, Regulating Inclusion – Adelle Blackett

14. Enforcement of Labour Standards in Developing Countries: Challenges and Solutions – Michael J. Piore

PART 5 - URBAN PLANNING AND DESIGN: INCLUDING INFORMAL LIVELIHOODS

15. The Informal Economy in Urban Africa: Challenging Planning Theory and Praxis – Caroline Skinner and Vanessa Watson

16. Urban Design: Imaginations beyond Architecture – Rahul Mehrotra

17. Informality, Housing and Work: The View from Indian Cities – Gautam Bhan

PART 6 – HOMEWORKERS: EXTENDING LABOUR RIGHTS IN GLOBAL SUPPLY CHAINS

18. Regulating Corporations in Global Value Chains to Realize Labour Rights for Homeworkers – Marlese von Broembsen

19. Extending Labour Standards to Informal Workers at the Base of Global Garment Value Chains: New Institutions in the Labour Market – Meenu Tewari

PART 7 - STREET VENDORS: POLITICS AND POSSIBILITIES FOR INCLUSION

20. Street Vendors and Planning Paradigms – Amin Y. Kamete

21. Street Vending and the State: Challenging Theory, Changing Research – Veronica Crossa

22. Street Vendors and Regulations – Sally Roever

PART 8 - WASTE PICKERS: INTEGRATION AND RIGHTS IN PUBLIC WASTE MANAGEMENT

23. Waste Pickers and Their Right to the City: Dispossession and Displacement in 19th Century Paris and Contemporary Montevideo – Lucía Fernandez

24. Managing Urban Waste as a Common Pool Resource – Jérémie Cavé

25. The Political Work of Waste Picker Integration – Melanie Samson

PART 9 – SOCIAL POLICY AND INFORMAL WORKERS

26. The Place of Informal Workers in Different Approaches to Social Protection – Francie Lund

27. Social Protection and Informal Workers: Rethinking the Terms of Inclusion – Laura Alfers

28. Social Protection for Women Informal Workers: Perspectives from Latin America – Silke Staab

29. Informal Workers in a Context of Urbanisation and Migration: Reflections from China for Social Policy in Asia – Sarah Cook

30. Realising Employer Liability for Workers in Informal Employment: Lessons from India – Kamala Sankaran

PART 10 – INFORMAL WORKERS AND THE STATE

31. Deciphering African Informal Economies – Kate Meagher

32. Informal Workers and the State in India – Rina Agarwala

33. Informal Domestic Workers, Informal Construction Workers and the State: What Prospects for Improving Labour Standards? – Chris Tilly

34. Waste and Citizenship Forum: Waste Pickers and the State in Brazil – Sonia Dias

CONCLUSION – Martha Chen, Françoise Carré and Sally Roever

Bibliography

About the Editors

Martha Chen is aLecturer in Public Policy, Harvard Kennedy School, USA and Co-Founder, Emeritus International Coordinator and Senior Advisor of WIEGO.

Françoise Carré is Research Director, Center for Social Policy, University of Massachusetts Boston McCormack Graduate School, USA and Director, WIEGO Statistics Programme.

About the Series

Routledge Explorations in Development Studies

The series features innovative and original research at the regional and global scale. Its scope extends to scholarly works that take an interdisciplinary and comparative approach.

In terms of theory and method, rather than basing itself on any one orthodoxy, the series draws broadly on the tool kit of the social sciences in general, emphasizing comparison, the analysis of the structure and processes, and the application of qualitative and quantitative methods.

The series welcomes submissions from established authors in the field as well as from junior authors. To submit proposals, please contact the Development Studies Editor, Helena Hurd ([email protected]).

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
BUS068000
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Development / Economic Development
SOC042000
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Developing Countries