The International Handbook of FRP Composites in Civil Engineering  book cover
1st Edition

The International Handbook of FRP Composites in Civil Engineering

Edited By

Manoochehr Zoghi




ISBN 9780849320132
Published September 26, 2013 by CRC Press
706 Pages 352 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites have become an integral part of the construction industry because of their versatility, enhanced durability and resistance to fatigue and corrosion, high strength-to-weight ratio, accelerated construction, and lower maintenance and life-cycle costs. Advanced FRP composite materials are also emerging for a wide range of civil infrastructure applications. These include everything from bridge decks, bridge strengthening and repairs, and seismic retrofit to marine waterfront structures and sustainable, energy-efficient housing. The International Handbook of FRP Composites in Civil Engineering brings together a wealth of information on advances in materials, techniques, practices, nondestructive testing, and structural health monitoring of FRP composites, specifically for civil infrastructure.

With a focus on professional applications, the handbook supplies design guidelines and standards of practice from around the world. It also includes helpful design formulas, tables, and charts to provide immediate answers to common questions. Organized into seven parts, the handbook covers:

  • FRP fundamentals, including history, codes and standards, manufacturing, materials, mechanics, and life-cycle costs
  • Bridge deck applications and the critical topic of connection design for FRP structural members
  • External reinforcement for rehabilitation, including the strengthening of reinforced concrete, masonry, wood, and metallic structures
  • FRP composites for the reinforcement of concrete structures, including material characteristics, design procedures, and quality assurance–quality control (QA/QC) issues
  • Hybrid FRP composite systems, with an emphasis on design, construction, QA/QC, and repair
  • Quality control, quality assurance, and evaluation using nondestructive testing, and in-service monitoring using structural health monitoring of FRP composites, including smart composites that can actively sense and respond to the environment and internal states
  • FRP-related books, journals, conference proceedings, organizations, and research sources

Comprehensive yet concise, this is an invaluable reference for practicing engineers and construction professionals, as well as researchers and students. It offers ready-to-use information on how FRP composites can be more effectively utilized in new construction, repair and reconstruction, and architectural engineering.

Table of Contents

Part I Composites Primer
Luke S. Lee and Hector Estrada

Introduction
Hota GangaRao

Manufacturing Processes and QA/QC
Kumar K. Ghosh, Luke S. Lee, and Hector Estrada

FRP Composite Constituent Materials
Hector Estrada and Luke S. Lee

Mechanics of Composite Materials
Hector Estrada and Luke S. Lee

Overview of Electroactive Polymers
Marco P. Schoen and Arya Ebrahimpour

Life Cycle Costs of Composite Materials
Hector Estrada and Luke S. Lee

Part II All-Composite Structures and Components
Aixi Zhou and Lijuan (Dawn) Cheng

Materials and Manufacturing
Clem Hiel

Analysis of FRP Structural Members
Aixi Zhou

Deck Panels and Girders for Bridge Applications
Lijuan (Dawn) Cheng and Lei Zhao

Connection Design for FRP Structural Members
Aixi Zhou and Lei Zhao

Examples and Case Studies
Lee Canning

Part III Externally Bonded FRP Composite Systems for Rehabilitation
Masoud Motavalli

Introduction
Masoud Motavalli

Composite Materials Used in Rehabilitation
Masoud Motavalli

Flexural and Shear Strengthening of Reinforced Concrete Structures
Christoph Czaderski

Rehabilitation with NSM FRP Reinforcement
Khaled Soudki

Confinement of Reinforced Concrete Columns
Kerstin Lang and Andrin Herwig

Strengthening of Masonry and Metallic Structures
Kerstin Lang and Ann Schumacher

Externally Bonded FRP Composite and Viscoelastic Materials for Mitigating Vibrations of Floor Systems
Arya Ebrahimpour and Marco P. Schoen

Durability
Luke S. Lee and Hector Estrada

Part IV FRP Composites for Reinforcement of Concrete Structures
Nestore Galati and Gustavo Tumialan

Introduction
Julio F. Davalos and Yi Chen

Material Characteristics
Stijn Matthys

Design Procedures
Luke A. Bisby, Brea Williams, and Ching Chiaw Choo

FRP Prestressed Concrete
Khaled Soudki

Concrete Columns Reinforced Internally with Fiber Reinforced Polymer Bars
Ching Chiaw Choo and Issam Harik

Codes and Standards
Brahim Benmokrane, Ahmed K. El-Sayed, and Ehab El-Salakawy

Specific Durability Issues
Luke A. Bisby, Brea Williams, and Pedram Sadeghian

Quality Assurance/Quality Control, Maintenance, and Repair
Ehab El-Salakawy

Part V Hybrid FRP Composite Systems
Amir Mirmiran and Amir Fam

Introduction
Amir Fam and Amir Mirmiran

Material Characteristics and Fabrication Methods
Amir Fam and Amir Mirmiran

Construction Considerations of Hybrid Members
Amir Fam and Amir Mirmiran

Axial Hybrid Members
Amir Fam and Amir Mirmiran

Flexural and Axial/Flexural Hybrid Members
Amir Fam and Amir Mirmiran

QA/QC, Maintenance, and Repair of Hybrid Structures
Amir Fam and Amir Mirmiran

Examples and Case Studies
Amir Fam and Amir Mirmiran

Part VI Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation
Sreenivas Alampalli and Glenn A. Washer

Introduction
Sreenivas Alampalli and Glenn A. Washer

Structural Health Monitoring
Sreenivas Alampalli and Mohammed M. Ettouney

Nondestructive Evaluation Methods for Composite Materials: General Overview, Visual Inspection, and Microwave Methods
Glenn A. Washer and Sreenivas Alampalli

Nondestructive Evaluation Methods for Composite Materials: Infrared Thermography
Glenn A. Washer and Sreenivas Alampalli

Nondestructive Evaluation Methods for Composite Materials: Acoustic Methods
Glenn A. Washer and Paul Ziehl

Load Testing of Bridge FRP Applications
Sreenivas Alampalli and Osman Hag-Elsafi

Smart Composites
Dryver R. Huston

Part VII Glossary
Robert L. Sierakowski

Appendix A: List of Books
Robert L. Sierakowski and Olesya I. Zhupanska

Appendix B: List of Journals
Robert L. Sierakowski and Alexander Bogdanovich

Appendix C: List of Conferences’ Proceedings and Symposiums
Robert L. Sierakowski and Olesya I. Zhupanska

Appendix D: List of Organizations
Robert L. Sierakowski and Alexander Bogdanovich

Appendix E: List of Typical Research Papers in Selected Areas
Robert L. Sierakowski and Alexander Bogdanovich

Index

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Editor(s)

Biography

Manoochehr Zoghi, Ph.D., P.E., is the associate dean and professor of the Lyles College of Engineering at California State University, Fresno. He is currently pursuing his MBA in sustainability from the San Francisco Institute of Architecture (SFIA). Dr. Zoghi has extensive academic, administrative, and consulting experience. He has taught a wide variety of civil engineering, engineering mechanics, and construction management courses and has conducted research in interdisciplinary areas of infrastructure revitalization, NDE and structural health monitoring, soil structure interaction, geohazards, and geotechnical engineering. Dr. Zoghi is a fellow of the American Society of Civil Engineers, a Coleman Fellow, and a Diplomate of Geotechnical Engineering, as well as an ABET program evaluator. He is a member of the American Society of Engineering Education and a member of Trustees of the California Homebuilding Foundation, and he serves on multiple national technical committees. A prolific author, Dr. Zoghi has published widely. He serves as an associate editor of the ASCE’s Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, an associate editor of the ASCE’s Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice, and is an editorial advisory panel member of the Institution of Civil Engineers’ flagship journal.

Reviews

"Use of FRP composites in civil infrastructure construction has been exponentially increasing in the past few years. The civil and structural engineers are continuously improving design strategies and applying innovative approaches to expand the use of FRP composite in a wider range of civil structures. However, there is a shortage of a comprehensive set of standard practices and a complete volume for design calculations, which is a significant drawback in the development of FRP civil infrastructures for a wider range of civil engineering applications. This handbook will bridge the gap of a lack of A-to-Z references, critical for development and construction of FRP composites civil infrastructure."
—Dr. Jayantha Epaarachchi, Centre of Excellence in Engineered Fibre Composites, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia

"The latest development in nearly all aspects of FRP composites, their applications in civil engineering, and state-of-the-art technologies for nondestructive evaluation (NDE) and structural health monitoring (SHM) of FRP have been expounded in this comprehensive book, which is the result of collaboration among top experts from around the world. ... This book will enable FRP in civil engineering and lead it to a very bright future."
—From the Foreword by Prof. Dr. h.c. Urs Meier, EMPA, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology

"The handbook has a logical approach, covering all the necessary background that any engineer involved in composite materials should know. In addition, it covers all common structural applications by well-known researchers and professionals in the FRP field."
––Felipe J. Acosta, Ph.D., PE, University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez Campus


"The "International Handbook of FRP Composites in Civil Engineering," by collecting research from many leaders in the field into a single volume, will be a valuable reference tool for practicing engineers interested in pursuing the great potential gains FRP composites hold for infrastructural applications. By combining a wide range of topics into a single publication, this text should by the first book grabbed off the shelf when engineers are working with a new FRP infrastructural application."
—Dr. David B. Dittenber, LeTourneau University, West Virginia University (formerly)