International illicit trade in human organs is on the increase, fueled by growing demand and unscrupulous traffickers. In order to truly understand the problem of organ trafficking, an analysis should take into account the various perspectives that come into play in this multifaceted issue. With contributions from international scholars and experts, The International Trafficking of Human Organs: A Multidisciplinary Perspective provides a broad-based exploration of this controversial phenomenon.
Divided into four parts, the book examines the issue of human organ trafficking from the perspectives of criminal justice, business, medicine, ethics, philosophy, and theology. The book begins by presenting case studies of the trafficking of body parts occurring in the U.S. and Mexico. It examines the increase in organ harvesting from Chinese prisoners and describes widespread instances of trafficking in Europe.
Next, it examines the economic ramifications of possible legislation of the sale of body parts and discusses other proposals for increasing the supply of kidneys and other organs. It explores ethical issues surrounding the kidney shortage and incentives to promote donation. It also offers arguments for and against compensation for transplant organs from Kantian, Dworkinian, and other perspectives. Lastly, theologians discuss opposing Catholic and Protestant perspectives on the sale of human organs.
Each chapter provides discussion questions to provoke vigorous debate and references to facilitate further study. The wide-ranging analysis provided by this volume is certain to enhance further inquiry into a disturbing and increasingly prevalent issue.
A Criminal Justice Perspective
Trafficking in Body Parts; L. Territo, EdD and R. Matteson, PhD
China Profit$ from Prisoners: Organ Procurement and the Ethical Issue of Consent; J. Neagle, MA
Trafficking in Human Organs in Europe: A Myth or an Actual Threat? S. Meyer, PhD
A Business and Economic Perspective
A Free Market for Human Organs; M. Clay, MA and W. Block, PhD
Karnataka’s Unabating Kidney Trade; V. Ram, MS
To Solve a Deadly Shortage: Economic Incentives for Human Organ Donation; C. E. Harris, MS, MD, JD and S. P. Alcorn, JD
A Free Market for Kidneys: Options, Futures, Forward, and Spot;
W. Barnett II, PhD and M. Saliba
A Medical, Ethical, and Philosophical Perspective
Medical Tourism: Organ Trafficking and Kidney
Transplantation; S. (A.) Mijovic-Das, MD, FASN
Body Values: The Case against Compensating for
Transplant Organs; D. Joralemon, PhD and P. Cox, PhD
Autonomy, Constraining Options, and Organ Sales; J. S. Taylor, PhD
Markets and the Needy: Organ Sales or Aid? T. L. Zutlevics, PhD
Selling Bits and Pieces of Humans to Make Babies: The Gift of the Magi Revisited; C. B. Cohen, PhD, JD
A Theological Perspective
A Catholic Perspective on Organ Sales; N. Capaldi, PhD
Body Parts and the Marketplace: Insights from Thomistic Philosophy; M. J. Cherry, PhD
The Commercialization of Human Body Parts: A Reappraisal from a Protestant Perspective; L. Torcello, PhD and S. Wear, PhD
Presenting volumes that focus on the nexus between research and practice, the Advances in Police Theory and Practice series is geared toward those practitioners and academics seeking to implement the latest innovations in policing from across the world. This series draws from an international community of experts who examine who the police are, what they do, and how they maintain order, administer laws, and serve their communities.
The series eeditor encourages the contribution of works coauthored by police practitioners and researchers. Proposals for contributions to the series may be submitted to the series editor Dilip Das at firstname.lastname@example.org.