First published in 1992, this edited collection argues that conflicts have a growing tendency both to intensify and to lengthen, thus increasing the likelihood of external actors being drawn into the on-going violence. Here, leading experts in comparative and international politics examine this tendency of communal conflicts to spill over into the international arena. They also look at the conditions under which these processes do not occur and are mediated successfully. The authors combine theoretical perspectives with case studies, covering examples from the origins of the First World War, to state building in Iraq, and whether it was a precursor of the Iran-Iraq War and the Gulf Crisis. They present both a global overview and a focus on the state as the single most important intermediary in the internationalization process.
A comprehensive and relevant reissue, this volume will appeal to students and scholars of International Relations, Comparative Politics and Strategic Studies.
Table of Contents
List of figures and tables; List of contributors; Introduction; Part I: World-wide Perspectives 1. The Internationalization of Protracted Communal Conflicts since 1945: Which Groups, Where, and How Ted R. Gurr 2. Internationalization of Communal Strife: Temptations and Opportunities of Triangulation I. William Zartman; Part II: A Focus on the State 3. Religion, Ideology, and Ethnic Identity in the Sri Lankan Conflict James T. Johnson 4. State-Building in Iraq During the Iran-Iraq War and the Gulf Crisis Eric Davis 5. International Influences on the Origins and Outcomes of Internal War: A Comparative Analysis of The 1958 and 1975-6 Lebanese Civil Wars Karen Rasler 6. Diversionary Action by Authoritarian Regimes: Argentina in the Falklands/Malvinas Case Jack S. Levy and Lily I. Vakili; Part III: Processes of Internationalization 7. Factors Related to the Contagion and Diffusion of International Violence John A. Vasquez 8. Communal Strife and the Origins of World War I Manus I. Midlarsky 9. The Impact of Regime on the Diffusion of Political Conflict Stuart Hill and Donald Rothchild; Part IV: Failures to Internationalize 10. Communal Strife in Peru: A Case of Absence of Spillover into the International Arena Cynthia McClintock 11. Direct and Indirect Internationalization: The Case of South Africa Marina Ottaway; Part V: Mediating Processes 12. Gaining Entry to Mediation in Communal Strife Saadia Touval 13. External Peace-Making Initiatives and Intra-National Conflict C. R. Mitchell; Index