The Internet of Things in the Cloud: A Middleware Perspective, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

The Internet of Things in the Cloud

A Middleware Perspective, 1st Edition

By Honbo Zhou

CRC Press

391 pages | 107 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781439892992
pub: 2012-10-29
eBook (VitalSource) : 9780429086199
pub: 2012-10-29
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Although the Internet of Things (IoT) is a vast and dynamic territory that is evolving rapidly, there has been a need for a book that offers a holistic view of the technologies and applications of the entire IoT spectrum. Filling this void, The Internet of Things in the Cloud: A Middleware Perspective provides a comprehensive introduction to the IoT and its development worldwide.

It gives you a panoramic view of the IoT landscape—focusing on the overall technological architecture and design of a tentatively unified IoT framework underpinned by Cloud computing from a middleware perspective. Organized into three sections, it:

  1. Describes the many facets of Internet of Things—including the four pillars of IoT and the three layer value chain of IoT
  2. Focuses on middleware, the glue and building blocks of a holistic IoT system on every layer of the architecture
  3. Explores Cloud computing and IoT as well as their synergy based on the common background of distributed processing

The book is based on the author’s two previous bestselling books (in Chinese) on IoT and Cloud computing and more than two decades of hands-on software/middleware programming and architecting experience at organizations such as the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, IBM, BEA Systems, and Silicon Valley startup Doubletwist. Tapping into this wealth of knowledge, the book categorizes the many facets of the IoT and proposes a number of paradigms and classifications about Internet of Things' mass and niche markets and technologies.


This book brings together timely, mind provoking, and comprehensive materials to give you a better understanding of the IoT/M2M technological and business landscape on top of Cloud computing … . I also believe this book, which I highly recommend, is the first on the market that covers almost all of the related subjects.

—George (Aiping) Guo, Ph.D., CEO of TCL Communication Technology Holdings Ltd.

Table of Contents


The Third ICT Wave

Rise of the Machines

The IoT Kaleidoscope

Defining Internet of Things

IoT: A Web 3.0 View


Ubiquitous IoT Applications

A Panoramic View of IoT Applications

Important Vertical Applications

Telematics and Intelligent Transport Systems

Smart Grid and Electric Vehicles

Smarter Planet and Smart Buildings


Four Pillars of IoT

The Horizontal, Verticals, and Four Pillars

M2M: The Internet of Devices

RFID: The Internet of Objects

WSN: The Internet of Transducers

SCADA: The Internet of Controllers


The DNA of IoT

DCM: Device, Connect, and Manage

Device: Things that Talk

Connect: Via Pervasive Networks

Wired Networks

Wireless Networks

Satellite IoT

Manage: To Create New Business Value

More Ingredients: LBS, GNSS, RTLS, and Others



Middleware and IoT

An Overview of Middleware

Communication Middleware for IoT

MTC/M2M Middleware

SCADA Middleware

RFID Middleware

WSN Middleware

LBS and Surveillance Middleware


Protocol Standards for IoT

Web of Things versus Internet of Things

Two Pillars of the Web

IoT Protocol Standardization Efforts

M2M and WSN Protocols

SCADA and RFID Protocols

Issues with IoT Standardization

Unified Data Standards: A Challenging Task

Unified Identification of Objects


Architecture Standardization for WoT

Platform Middleware for WoT

Standards for M2M

Frameworks for WSN

Standards for SCADA

Extensions on RFID Standards

Unified Multitier WoT Architecture


OSGi: The Universal Middleware

WoT Framework Based on Data Standards

WoT Portals and Business Intelligence

Challenges of IoT Information Security



Cloud Computing

What is Cloud Computing?

Grid/SOA and Cloud Computing

Cloud Middleware

NIST’s SPI Architecture and Cloud Standards

Cloud Providers and Systems


The Cloud of Things

The Internet of Things and Cloud Computing

Mobile Cloud Computing

MAI versus XaaS: The Long Tail and the Big Switch

The Cloud of Things Architecture

Four Deployment Models

Vertical Applications

Fifteen Essential Features

Four Technological Pillars

Three Layers of IoT Systems

Foundational Technological Enablers




About the Author

Honbo Zhou, Ph.D., is currently the general manager of Foton Fleet Telematics Co. Ltd. He was chief software scientist of TongFang Co. Ltd., executive director of the board and chief technology officer of Technovator Pte. Ltd., and chief operating officer of TongFang Software Co. Ltd. Dr. Zhou worked as a research associate on grid computing at Oak Ridge National Laboratory after receiving his Ph.D. in computer science from the University of Zurich in 1993. He also worked at IBM, BEA Systems (now Oracle), and other companies in the United States as a senior engineer or manager. He participated in the ASCI Blue Pacific project building the world’s fastest supercomputer in 1996 while at IBM as a software team lead and coordinator for its job scheduler. He masterminded and built a high-performance/cloud-computing system that accomplished the complete annotation of the human genome for the first time in the world while working at a startup in Silicon Valley, which was reported by media such as the San Francisco Chronicle and CNN. He has been one of the pioneers of the Internet of Things and machine-to- machine computing, leading a team of 100-plus developers to build TongFang’s flagship ezM2M Middleware Platform for dozens of vertical IoT applications since 2003, and he has authored two related books in Chinese. He is a frequently invited speaker and evangelist of IoT and cloud computing, adjunct professor of several universities, and vice president of the Middleware Association, and he is a member of a few other related professional associations in China.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
COMPUTERS / Information Technology
COMPUTERS / Networking / General
COMPUTERS / Software Development & Engineering / General
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Mobile & Wireless Communications