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The Invention of Race
Scientific and Popular Representations





ISBN 9780367208646
Published May 23, 2019 by Routledge
308 Pages

 
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Book Description

This edited collection explores the genesis of scientific conceptions of race and their accompanying impact on the taxonomy of human collections internationally as evidenced in ethnographic museums, world fairs, zoological gardens, international colonial exhibitions and ethnic shows. A deep epistemological change took place in Europe in this domain toward the end of the eighteenth century, producing new scientific representations of race and thereby triggering a radical transformation in the visual economy relating to race and racial representation and its inscription in the body. These practices would play defining roles in shaping public consciousness and the representation of “otherness” in modern societies. The Invention of Race provides contextualization that is often lacking in contemporary discussions on diversity, multiculturalism and race.

Table of Contents

Introduction: The Invention of Race: Scientific and Popular Representations of Race from Linnaeus to the Ethnic Shows  Nicolas Bancel, Thomas David, and Dominic Thomas  Part I: The Genealogy of Race in the 18th Century  1. Biologization of Race and Racialization of the Human: Bernier, Buffon, Linnaeus  Thierry Hoquet  2. Cranial Varieties in the Human and Orang Utan Species  Miriam Claude Meijer  3. The Creation of the "Negro" at the Turn of the Nineteenth Century: Petrus Camper, Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, and Julien-Joseph Virey  Francesco Panese  4. Panel and Sequence: Classifications and Associations in Scientific Illustrations of the Human Races (1770-1830)  Martial Guédron  5. Christoph Meiners’s "New Science" (1747-1810)  Britta Rupp-Eisenreich  Part II: The Internationalization and Institutionalization of Racial Anthropology in the 19th Century  6. Construction and Circulation of the Notion of "Race" in the Nineteenth Century  Carole Reynaud Paligot  7. "We Can’t Help Laughing": Physical Anthropology in Belgium and Congo (1882-1914)  Maarten Couttenier  8. Danish Perceptions of Race and Anthropological Science at the Turn of the Twentieth Century  Rikke Andreassen  9. Discourses of Race in Imperial Russia (1830s-1914)  Vera Tolz  10. The Reception of the Idea of Race in East Asia  Gérard Siary  11. The Anthropological Society of Tokyo and the Ainu: Racial Classifications, Prehistory and National Identity (1880-1910)  Arnaud Nanta  12. Warfare, Commerce and Science: Racial Biology in South Africa  Patrick Harries  Part III: The Transcription and Exhibition of Race  13. From Cabinets of Curiosity to the "Hottentot Venus": A Long History of Human Zoos  Gilles Boëtsch and Pascal Blanchard  14. Race, Showmen, Disability and the Freak Show  Robert Bogdan  15. In Sight and Sound with the Other Senses All Around: Racial Hierarchies at America’s World’s Fairs  Robert W. Rydell  16. Human Exhibitions at World’s Fairs: Between Scientific Categorization and Exoticism?: The French Colonial Presence at Midway Plaisance, World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893  Catherine Hodeir  17. Exhibiting Haiti: Questioning Race at the World’s Columbian Exposition, 1893  Charles Forsdick  18. Races on Exhibit at the 1904 St. Louis Anthropology Days  Fabrice Delsahut  19. Eskimos in the Museum, Pygmy in a Cage, Social Darwinism Everywhere  Herman Lebovics  20. Emile Yung and the African Village at the Swiss National Exhibition in Geneva, 1896  Patrick Minder  21. Beyond Objectivity: Anthropometric Photography and Visual Culture  Christian Joschke

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Editor(s)

Biography

Nicolas Bancel is Professor at the Insititute of Sports Science at the University of Lausanne, Switzerland.

Thomas David is Professor at the Institute of Economic and Social History at the University of Lausanne, Switzerland.

Dominic Thomas is Madeleine L. Letessier Chair of French and Francophone Studies at the University of California Los Angeles.