This book presents the reader with a detailed analysis of the U.S. policy toward Cuba that was designed and adopted by the Lyndon B. Johnson administration. Based in governmental and other sources from both the U.S. and Cuba, the book analyzes the changes in the U.S. policy and its political and practical effects. Cuba still had to face a combination of "dirty war" and "passive containment," but during the course of the 1960s, the influence of the "dirty war" policy was weakened due to the failure of the tactics to overthrow the Cuban Revolution by violent means. Instead, the policy was directed towards "passive containment," characterized by its focus on an intensification of the economic blockade, the promotion of diplomatic isolation, and propaganda campaigns and psychological warfare. The book is unique since it is written from a Cuban perspective and it complements and enriches the knowledge of the U.S.-Cuban relationship during the 1960s, and the policy adopted by the Johnson administration.
Table of Contents
Part 1: President Johnson and the Hostile Policy Toward Cuba
Introduction to Part 1
1. The Perspective of the Johnson Administration
2. Revision of the "Integrated Covert Action Program"
Part 2: Tensions and Crises in 1964
Introduction to Part 2
3. The So-Called "Water Crisis"
4. The Genesis of a New Crisis
5. The Crisis of May 1964
Part 3: The Diplomatic Isolation of Cuba in the Hemisphere
Introduction to Part 3
6. U.S. Preparatory Actions: The "Venezuelan Resolutions"
7. The U.S. National Security Council and the Action of the OAS
8. Call for the IX Meeting of Consultation of Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the OAS
9. The Agreements of the IX Meeting of Consultation of Ministers of Foreign Affairs
10. Cuba Responds to the U.S. Conspiracy
Part 4: The Economic War
Introduction to Part 4
11. The Difficulties to Strengthen the Economic War
12. The Predominance of Economic Warfare
13. The U.S. Immigration Policy Toward Cuba
Part 5: The Defeat of the "Dirty War"
Introduction to Part 5
14. The Liquidation of the Armed Bands (1964–1965)
15. The Defeat of the Internal Counterrevolution
16. The Failure of the "Integrated Covert Action Program"
Part 6: Passive Containment
Introduction to Part 6
17. Johnson and the Counterinsurgency Containment (1964–1968)
18. From "Dirty War" to Passive Containment (1966–1968)
19. The Cuban Counterrevolution Abroad
Håkan Karlsson is Full Professor in Archaeology at the Department of Historical Studies, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
Tomás Diez Acosta is Professor and Researcher at the Instituto de Historia de Cuba.