1st Edition

The Justices and Injustices of Ecosystem Services

Edited By Thomas Sikor Copyright 2013
    224 Pages 10 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    224 Pages 10 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    Humankind benefits from a multitude of resources and processes that are supplied by ecosystems, and collectively these benefits are known as ecosystem services. Interest in this topic has grown exponentially over the last decade, as biologists and economists have tried to quantify these benefits to justify management interventions. Yet, as this book demonstrates, the implications for justice and injustice have rarely been explored and works on environmental justice are only now addressing the importance of ecosystem services. 

    The authors establish important new middle ground in arguments between conservationists and critics of market-based interventions such as Payment for Ecosystem Services. Neither can environmental management be separated from justice concerns, as some conservationists like to believe, nor is it in fundamental opposition to justice, as critics like to put it. The book develops this novel interpretation of justice in environmental management through analyses of prominent governance interventions and the conceptual underpinnings of the ecosystem services framework. Key examples described are revenue-sharing around protected areas and REDD+ for forest ecosystems. 

    The analyses demonstrate that interventions create opportunities for enhancing social justice, yet also reveal critical design features that cause ostensibly technical interventions to generate injustices.

    1. Introduction: Linking Ecosystem Services with Environmental Justice 

    Thomas Sikor 

    Part 1: Ecosystem Services-based Governance Interventions  

    2. Justice Implications of Conditionality in Payments for Ecosystem Services: a Case Study from Uganda 

    Janet Fisher 

    3. REDD+: Justice Effects of Technical Design 

    Thomas Sikor 

    4. Just Conservation? On the Fairness of Sharing Benefits 

    Adrian Martin, Anne Akol and Jon Phillips 

    5. Basin Justice: Using Social Justice to address Gaps in River Basin Management 

    Mark Zeitoun and Karis McLaughlin 

    Part 2: The Ecosystem Services Framework 

    6. Environmentalisms, Justices and the Limits of Ecosystem Services Frameworks 

    Sharachchandra Lele 

    7. Health, Environment and the Ecosystem Services Framework: A Justice Critique 

    Roger Few 

    8. A Justice Critique of Environmental Valuation for Ecosystem Governance 

    Eneko Garmendia and Unai Pascual 

    9. The Justices and Injustices of Ecosystem Services 

    Thomas Sikor, Janet Fisher, Roger Few, Adrian Martin and Mark Zeitoun


    Thomas Sikor is Professor of Environment and Development at the University of East Anglia, UK. 

    "The book’s lasting influence will stem from the thorough analysis and evaluation of ecosystem services in light of three dimensions of environmental justice: distribution; participation; and recognition ... This book provides a sturdy platform for taking the right course of action."Crosslands Bulletin

    "The authors of this book are social scientists describing and convincingly criticizing various types of ecosystem services-based government interventions... I would certainly recommend it to all sorts of readers" - Frederik H. Kistenkas, Wageningen University, in Ecosystem Services journal