The Second Ku Klux Klan’s success in the 1920s remains one of the order’s most enduring mysteries. Emerging first as a brotherhood dedicated to paying tribute to the original Southern organization of the Reconstruction period, the Second Invisible Empire developed into a mass movement with millions of members that influenced politics and culture throughout the early 1920s. This study explores the nature of fraternities, especially the overlap between the Klan and Freemasonry. Drawing on many previously untouched archival resources, it presents a detailed and nuanced analysis of the development and later decline of the Klan and the complex nature of its relationship with the traditions of American fraternalism.
Chapter 1 – Klanishness: Brotherhood in the Invisible Empire
Chapter 2 – Freemasonry’s Fighting Brother: Militancy, Fraternalism and the Ku Klux Klan
Chapter 3 – Kluxing America: The Use and Abuse of the Masonic Reputation
Chapter 4 – Hate At $10 a Package: Selling the Invisible Empire
Chapter 5 – Hooded Freemasons: Dual Membership and Conflict in Local Lodges
Chapter 6 – Dallas Klan No.66 and Anaheim Lodge No.207: A Case Study of Two Communities
Chapter 7 – Friend or Foe? Grand Masters’ Responses to the Ku Klux Klan
Chapter 8 – The Collapse of the Second K.K.K.
Conclusion - An "Invisible" Empire?
This new book series focuses upon fascist, far right and right-wing politics primarily within a historical context but also drawing on insights from other disciplinary perspectives. Its scope also includes radical-right populism, cultural manifestations of the far right and points of convergence and exchange with the mainstream and traditional right.