The Ku Klux Klan and Freemasonry in 1920s America: Fighting Fraternities, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

The Ku Klux Klan and Freemasonry in 1920s America

Fighting Fraternities, 1st Edition

By Miguel Hernandez


212 pages

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Hardback: 9781138549586
pub: 2019-01-23
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The Second Ku Klux Klan’s success in the 1920s remains one of the order’s most enduring mysteries. Emerging first as a brotherhood dedicated to paying tribute to the original Southern organization of the Reconstruction period, the Second Invisible Empire developed into a mass movement with millions of members that influenced politics and culture throughout the early 1920s. This study explores the nature of fraternities, especially the overlap between the Klan and Freemasonry. Drawing on many previously untouched archival resources, it presents a detailed and nuanced analysis of the development and later decline of the Klan and the complex nature of its relationship with the traditions of American fraternalism.

Table of Contents


Chapter 1 – Klanishness: Brotherhood in the Invisible Empire

Chapter 2 – Freemasonry’s Fighting Brother: Militancy, Fraternalism and the Ku Klux Klan

Chapter 3 – Kluxing America: The Use and Abuse of the Masonic Reputation

Chapter 4 – Hate At $10 a Package: Selling the Invisible Empire

Chapter 5 – Hooded Freemasons: Dual Membership and Conflict in Local Lodges

Chapter 6 – Dallas Klan No.66 and Anaheim Lodge No.207: A Case Study of Two Communities

Chapter 7 – Friend or Foe? Grand Masters’ Responses to the Ku Klux Klan

Chapter 8 – The Collapse of the Second K.K.K.

Conclusion - An "Invisible" Empire?

About the Author

Miguel Hernandez is Lecturer in Twentieth Century American History in the Department of History at the University of Exeter.

About the Series

Routledge Studies in Fascism and the Far Right

This new book series focuses upon fascist, far right and right-wing politics primarily within a historical context but also drawing on insights from other disciplinary perspectives. Its scope also includes radical-right populism, cultural manifestations of the far right and points of convergence and exchange with the mainstream and traditional right.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Political Ideologies / Democracy
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Political Process / Elections
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Political Ideologies / Nationalism
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Political Ideologies / Fascism & Totalitarianism
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Discrimination & Race Relations
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Social Classes