This collection provides an overview of some of the most relevant concepts in the study of the language of inclusion and exclusion, specifically with a view to the functioning of nation-state categories. Categorizations, words, and phrases are constantly renewed with the intention to exclude (mostly) or to include (rarely), promulgating problematizations that highlight discursive distinctions between in-groups and out-groups. Such discursive constructions and the practices through which they are effectuated are sites of symbolic power, and their study reveals the workings of power. Historical analysis of the language of inclusion and exclusion can help elucidate contemporary transformations of discursive power.
The chapters in this volume discuss forms of discursive problematization such as defining, claiming, legitimizing, expanding, sensationalization and suggestion, and it connects these to the discursive drawing of boundaries, focusing on discursive constructions of ‘illegality’, race, class, gender, immigrant integration and transnationalism. As state categorizations continuously differ, both the historical analysis of their genesis, functioning and transformation, and the contemporary analysis of their practical effectuation are crucial to an understanding of inclusion and exclusion.
This book was originally published as a special issue of Ethnic and Racial Studies.
1. Introduction: the language of inclusion and exclusion in the context of immigration and integration Marlou Schrover and Willem Schinkel 2. The imagination of ‘society’ in measurements of immigrant integration Willem Schinkel 3. Bodies at the border: the medical protection of immigrants in a French immigration detention centre Nicolas Fischer 4. Spectacles of migrant ‘illegality’: the scene of exclusion, the obscene of inclusion Nicholas De Genova 5. From heroes to vulnerable victims: labelling Christian Turks as refugees in the 1970s Tycho Walaardt 6. Shifting meanings on transnationalism: analysing Dutch political discourse on Moroccan migrants’ transnational ties, 1960-2010 Nadia Bouras 7. Family metaphor in political and public debates in the Netherlands on migrants from the (former) Dutch East Indies 1949-66 Charlotte Laarman
Race, ethnicity and nationalism are at the heart of many of the major social and political issues in the present global environment. New antagonisms have emerged which require a rethinking of traditional theoretical and empirical perspectives. The books in this series are based on special issues of Ethnic and Racial Studies, the leading journal for the analysis of these issues throughout the world. Expert authors and editors present interdisciplinary research and theoretical analysis, drawing on sociology, social policy, anthropology, political science, economics, geography, international relations, history, social psychology and cultural studies.