1st Edition

The Last Year of President Kennedy and the "Multiple Path" Policy Toward Cuba

By Håkan Karlsson, Tomás Diez Acosta Copyright 2020
    220 Pages 19 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    220 Pages 19 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This book presents new aspects of the U.S. "multiple path" policy toward Cuba that was designed and adopted after the Missile Crisis (October 1962) until the assassination of President Kennedy on November 22, 1963, from a Cuban perspective. The policy was characterized by its contradictory profile, since simultaneously as aggressions were directed at Cuba, it also included the establishment of channels of communication with the Cuban government. The book also analyzes the Cuban–Soviet dispute during the same period. The Cuban experiences have still not been sufficiently discussed, and the aspects offered will enrich the knowledge of the U.S.–Cuban relationship during the mentioned period.

    Part I: Kennedy and the Anti-Cuban Policy After the October Crisis

    Introduction to Part I

    1. Influential Factors of the U.S. Policy Towards Cuba in 1963

    2. The New Governing Body for Anti-Cuban Subversion

    3. Proposals from the Coordinator of Cuban Affairs

    4. Soviet Troops in Cuba and the Political Debate in the U.S.

    5. "Uncontrolled" Terrorist Acts of the Counterrevolution

    Part II: The "Multiple Path" Policy

    Introduction to Part II

    6. The Internal Counterrevolutionary "Offensive" in the Beginning of 1963

    7. The Standing Group and the Political Alternatives

    8. The Integrated Covert Action Program

    9. Operations and "Autonomous" Groups

    Part III: The Cuban-Soviet Dispute and the Reinforcement of the Cuban Defense

    Introduction to Part III

    10. The Cuban-Soviet Dispute and the First Visit of Fidel Castro to the Soviet Union

    11. Military Reinforcement of the FAR Between 1963 and 1964

    12. The Confrontation with the Internal Counterrevolution

    13. The Action Against the Internal Counterrevolution and Its Groups

    Part IV: The Ambivalence of the "Multiple Path" Policy

    Introduction to Part IV

    14. The Negotiations of Lawyer James B. Donovan and the Ambivalent Policy Towards Cuba

    15. Attempts to Approach the Cuban Government


    Håkan Karlsson is Full Professor in Archaeology at the Department of Historical Studies, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.

    Tomás Diez Acosta is Professor and Researcher at the Instituto de Historia de Cuba.