India is the first country in the world to have an official programme for family planning that commenced in 1952. It has also seen a strong women’s movement to assert reproductive and contraceptive rights. This book brings to the fore several contestations and negotiations between public policy and the women’s movement in India. The comprehensive volume puts together key documents from archival records and authoritative sources, and traces the contours that have marked and defined the population policy in India as well as rights issues for women.
A major intervention in the field, this book will be indispensable for scholars and researchers in public policy, public health, demography, gender studies, social policy, development studies, sociology, social justice, human rights, politics and those interested in the study of modern India.
Table of Contents
Preface. Acknowledgements. General Introduction. Introduction Part I The Ideas of Malthus 1. India Famine Commission 2. Census of India, 1891: Government of India 1893 3. Census of India (1911) 4. Census of India, 1931 5. Sub-Committee on Women’s Role in Planned Economy 6. Report of Health Survey and Development Committee 7. National Planning Committee Series: Population 8. Extracts from National Planning Committee Report of Sub-Committee on Public Health Part II The Population Bomb Years 9. First Five Year Plan 10. Report of The Health Survey and Planning Committee 11. Third Five Year Plan (1961–66) 12. Report of The Committee to Study the Question of Legalisation of Abortion 13. Central Family Planning Council 14. The Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971 15. Report of The Committee of Multipurpose Workers Under Health and Family Planning Programme: Ministry of Health and Family Planning 16. Extracts from Towards Equality Report of The Committee on the Status of Women in India 17. National Population Policy Part III Women as Votaries 18. Shah Commission of Inquiry Final Report 19. Report of The Working Group on Population Policy 20. ICSSR & ICMR Health for All: An Alternative Strategy 21. Statement on National Health Policy 22. Maharashtra Act No. XV of 1988 23. Task Force on Hormonal Contraception Part IV Paradigm Shift? 24. Expert Group on Population Policy: Draft National Population Policy 25. The Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Regulation and Prevention of Misuse) Act, 1994 26. Andhra Pradesh State Population Policy: A Statement and a Strategy 27. Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research on Human Subjects 28. National Population Policy 29. National Health Policy 30. National Human Rights Commission: Declaration 2003 31.<
Mohan Rao is Professor at the Centre of Social Medicine and Community Health, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India. A medical doctor specialised in public health, he has written extensively on the history and politics of health and population. He has also been closely associated with the women’s movements and health movements in the country. He is the author of From Population Control to Reproductive Health: Malthusian Arithmetic (2004), has edited Disinvesting in Health: The World Bank’s Prescriptions (1999) and The Unheard Scream: Reproductive Health and Women’s Lives in India (2004) and co-edited Markets and Malthus: Population, Gender and Health in Neo-liberal Times (with Sarah Sextor, 2010) and Public Health and Private Wealth: Stem Cells, Surrogates and Other Strategic Bodies (with Sarah Hodges, 2016).
‘Ably selected by Dr Mohan Rao, this collection of documents on India’s population policies is a valuable resource for scholars, policymakers and public health and reproductive rights advocates. Rao’s introduction provides important historical analysis and context for understanding how the technocratic, neo-Malthusian drive to reduce birth rates has for decades negatively affected the provision of family planning and primary health care services in India. In the name of national development, it has often deepened caste, class, religious, regional and gender inequalities. The volume also includes documents from the women’s health movement that point to the long history of popular resistance to coercive population control. In shedding light on what has gone wrong, The Lineaments of Population Policy in India encourages readers to think about what a genuine reform of Indian population policy would look like.’
Betsy Hartmann, Professor Emerita of Development Studies and Senior Policy Analyst of the Population and Development Program, Hampshire College, Amherst, MA, USA, and author of Reproductive Rights and Wrongs (1987)
‘This is an important archive of original documents that maps the manner in which the colonial state in India before 1947, and then the post colonial state thereafter, has constructed the population question in India in Malthusian terms over more than 150 years. A reading of the documents that Mohan Rao has assembled shows that beginning with the eugenics concerns of the state and going on to the highly repressive excesses of the post independent Indian state during the emergency, women and men have been regarded as rebellious subjects that must be kept in order even if excesses are required to deal with what is constructed as the population bomb that is ticking away and will explode any moment. What is critical is that such an approach has skewed what is, or should be, the primary responsibility of the