Contemporary practices of international peacebuilding and post-conflict reconstruction are often unsatisfactory. There is now a growing awareness of the significance of local governments and local communitites as an intergrated part of peacebuilding in order to improve quality and enhance precision of interventions. In spite of this, ‘the local’ is rarely a key factor in peacebuilding, hence ‘everyday peace’ is hardly achieved. The aim of this volume is threefold: firstly it illuminates the substantial reasons for working with a more localised approach in politically volatile contexts. Secondly it consolidates a growing debate on the significance of the local in these contexts. Thirdly, it problematizes the often too swiftly used concept, ‘the local’, and critically discuss to what extent it is at all feasible to integrate this into macro-oriented and securitized contexts. This is a unique volume, tackling the ‘local turn’ of peacebuilding in a comprehensive and critical way.
This book was published as a special issue of Third World Quarterly.
The struggle versus the song – the local turn in peacebuilding: an introduction
Caroline Hughes, Joakim O¨ jendal and Isabell Schierenbeck
1. The ‘local turn’ in peacebuilding: a literature review of effective and emancipatory local peacebuilding, Hanna Leonardsson and Gustav Rudd
2. Where is the local? Critical localism and peacebuilding, Roger Mac Ginty
3. Unpacking the local turn in peacebuilding: a critical assessment towards an agenda for future research, Thania Paffenholz
4. The dynamic local: delocalisation and (re-)localisation in the search for peacebuilding identity, Stefanie Kappler
5. Palestinian unity and everyday state formation: subaltern ‘ungovernmentality’ versus elite interests, Sandra Pogodda and Oliver P. Richmond
6. Poor people’s politics in East Timor, Caroline Hughes
7. The ‘local turn’ saving liberal peacebuilding? Unpacking virtual peace in Cambodia, Joakim Öjendal and Sivhouch Ou
8. National policy in local practice: the case of Rwanda, Malin Hasselskog and Isabell Schierenbeck
9. Local violence and politics in KwaZulu-Natal: perceptions of agency in a post-conflict society, Anna K. Jarstad and Kristine Höglund
10. Reducing fragility through strengthening local governance in Guinea, Christian Arandel, Derick W. Brinkerhoff and Marissa M. Bell
11. Rethinking justice and institutions in African peacebuilding, Goran Hyden
12. Beyond the local turn divide: lessons learnt, relearnt and unlearnt, Isabell Schierenbeck
THIRDWORLDS will focus on the political economy, development and cultures of those parts of the world that have experienced the most political, social, and economic upheaval, and which have faced the greatest challenges of the postcolonial world under globalisation: poverty, displacement and diaspora, environmental degradation, human and civil rights abuses, war, hunger, and disease.
THIRDWORLDS serves as a signifier of oppositional emerging economies and cultures ranging from Africa, Asia, Latin America, Middle East, and even those ‘Souths’ within a larger perceived North, such as the U.S. South and Mediterranean Europe. The study of these otherwise disparate and discontinuous areas, known collectively as the Global South, demonstrates that as globalisation pervades the planet, the south, as a synonym for subalterity, also transcends geographical and ideological frontiers.