The Long Shadow of the Border
Migrants, Brokers and European Border Governance in Africa
- Available for pre-order on May 29, 2023. Item will ship after June 19, 2023
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This book delves beyond the spectacular images of African migrants struggling to scale border fences or cross the Mediterranean in unseaworthy rubber dinghies by unpacking the policies and emerging practices that shape contemporary border governance in the expanding EU–African borderlands.
For nearly a decade, Africa has been the scene of a wide range of European interventions aimed at restraining irregularised sub-Saharan migration to Europe creating an accelerated moment of control and confinement. Today, the externalisation of Europe’s borders into Africa encompasses agreements on the return of migrants, securitised border operations, and projects under the EU’s Emergency Trust Fund for Africa. At a time when safe and legal mobility is limited, and the human, social and political conditions of African migrants are severely challenged, the book emphasises how European efforts are both assisted but also resisted, by local actors with agendas of their own. Based on ethnographic fieldwork, the different contributions vividly portray how African lives continue to be shaped by Europe’s desire to contain and govern human mobility and how dominant spatial geopolitics are contested on various levels.
This book will be of particular value to students and researchers interested in African studies, International Politics and Border Governance. The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of Geopolitics.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Borderwork in the Expanded EU-African Borderlands
Ida Marie Savio Vammen, Signe Cold-Ravnkilde and Hans Lucht
1. Borderwork Creep in West Africa’s Sahel
Philippe M. Frowd
2. Intensifications of Border Governance and Defiant Migration Trajectories in Ethiopia
Tekalign Ayalew Mengiste
3. Waiting to Move On: Migration, Borderwork and Mobility Economies in Libya
4. En Route to Europe? The Anti-politics of Deportation from North Africa to Mali
Dr Almamy Sylla and Dr Signe Marie Cold-Ravnkilde
5. ‘When Migrants Become Messengers’: Affective Borderwork and Aspiration Management in Senegal
Ida Marie Savio Vammen
6. Moral Borderwork: Policies, Policing, and Practices of Migrant Smuggling at the EU-Morocco Border
7. Borderwork in the Grey Zone: Everyday Resistance within European Border Control Initiatives in Mali
Signe Marie Cold-Ravnkilde
8. The Bioeconomy of Sahel Borders: Informal Practices of Revenue and Data Extraction
Afterword: Alter-geographies of Everyday Externalisation: Shattering European Attempts at Policing Mobility?
Ida Marie Savio Vammen is Senior Researcher at the Danish Institute for International Studies. Her work focuses on the multi-scale politics of mobility that shape West African migration today. Based on fieldwork in Senegal and Argentina, Vammen examines the human, social and political consequences of Europe’s border externalisation.
Signe Marie Cold-Ravnkilde is Senior Researcher at the Danish Institute for International Studies. Her primary areas of research are security, migration, and development in Africa. Based on ethnographic fieldwork, Cold-Ravnkilde focuses on conflict, terrorism and borders as well as on transnational security interventions (including the UN, the EU and Western intervening states) in West Africa’s Sahel region.
Hans Lucht is Senior Researcher at the Danish Institute for International Studies. Based on ethnographic fieldwork in Ghana, Niger, Libya, Italy and Greece, his research focuses on undocumented migration, brokerage, and smuggling networks from Africa to Europe via the Sahel and North Africa, and on migrant sending communities in West Africa.