This book examines the works of the outstanding makers of modern geography and demonstrates the consistency of idea and purpose in their work. Geography as an explicitly defined field of knowledge is more than two thousand years old, but as a university subject, geography is only 150 years old, and in this period it has developed hugely. This study traces the development of modern geography as an organized body of knowledge, in the light of the works of its foremost German and French contributors.
Preface. Basic References. Part 1: The Founders 1. From Strabo to Kant 2. Alexander von Humboldt 3. Carl Ritter Part 2: Germany 4. Geography after Ritter 5. Leaders of the First Generation: Friedrich Ratzel 6. Leaders of the First Generation: Ferdinand von Richthofen 7. Contemporaries of the First Generation 8. Albrecht Penck 9. Alfred Hettner 10. Otto Schlüter 11. Contemporaries of the Second Generation 12. Leaders of the Third Generation 13. Leaders of the Fourth Generation 14. Post-War Trends 15. Introduction 16. Frédéric le Play 17. Vidal de la Blache 18. Contemporaries of Vidal de la Blache 19. The Second Generation: Pupils of Vidal de la Blache 20. The Third Generation 21. Post-War Trends 22. Professional Growth. Indices.