Engaging the Crusades is a series of volumes which offer windows into a newly emerging field of historical study: the memory and legacy of the crusades. Together these volumes examine the reasons behind the enduring resonance of the crusades and present the memory of crusading in the modern period as a productive, exciting, and much needed area of investigation.
This new volume explores the ways in which significant crusading figures have been employed as heroes and villains, and by whom. Each chapter analyses a case study relating to a key historical figure including the First Crusader Tancred; ‘villains’ Reynald of Châtillon and Conrad of Montferrat; the oft-overlooked Queen Melisende of Jerusalem; the entangled memories of Richard ‘the Lionheart’ and Saladin; and the appropriation of St Louis IX by the British. Through fresh approaches, such as a new translation of the inscriptions on the wreath laid on Saladin’s tomb by Kaiser Wilhelm II, this book represents a significant cutting-edge intervention in thinking about memory, crusader medievalism, and the processes of making heroes and villains.
The Making of Crusading Heroes and Villains is the perfect tool for scholars and students of the crusades, and for historians concerned with the development of reputations and memory.
Introduction: making heroes and villains
Mike Horswell and Kristin Skottki
1. ‘Most Excellent and Brave of Heart’: Tancred’s making and unmaking in the sources
2. The memorialisation of Queen Melisende of Jerusalem: from the medieval to the modern
Danielle E.A. Park
3. Oppressor, martyr, and Hollywood villain: Reynald of Châtillon and the representation of crusading violence
John D. Cotts
4. ‘The Evil Genius of the Third Crusade’: Conrad of Montferrat, stereotype and scapegoat
Marianne McLeod Gilchrist
5. Saladin and Richard the Lionheart: entangled memories
6. Saint Louis: a crusader king and hero for Victorian and First World War Britain and Ireland
7. The sultan, the Kaiser, the colonel, and the purloined wreath