1st Edition

The Marginalised in Genocide Narratives

By Giorgia Donà Copyright 2019
    188 Pages
    by Routledge

    188 Pages
    by Routledge

    This year marks the twenty-fifth anniversary of the Rwanda genocide. This volume, the product of over 20years of engagement with Rwanda and its diaspora, offers a timely reminder of the necessity of rethinking the genocide’s social history.

    Examining a range of marginal stories and using Rwanda as a case study, The Marginalised in Genocide Narratives’ analysis of the transformation of genocide into a powerful narrative of a nation establishes an innovative means of understanding the lived spaces of violence and its enduring legacy. In a distinctive approach to the social history of genocide, this book engages with the marginalised; foregrounds genocide’s untold stories; and uses the conceptual framework of the constellation of genocide narratives to create connections among multiple social actors and identify narrative themes that address the unequal power and interdependence of narratives.

    Adopting a multi-level narrative methodology that addresses the value of multiple narrative framings for understanding genocides, The Marginalised in Genocide Narratives will appeal to students and researchers interested in sociology, conflict and peace studies, history, African studies and narrative research. It may also appeal to policy-makers interested in genocide studies and contemporary social history.




    Chapter 1 Introduction: narrating genocide and the genocide narrative


    Narrating genocides: victims, perpetrators and the marginalised others

    The formation of the genocide master–narrative

    The constellation of genocide narratives

    The Rwandan genocide and Rwanda Studies

    Situating narratives methodologically


    Chapter 2 The formation of the foundational genocide master-narrative


    The formation of the master-narrative of the Genocide against the Tutsi

    The genocide as the foundational master-narrative

    The counter master-narrative of war

    The marginalised voices


    Chapter 3 Reframing culpability, shame and guilt: non-perpetrator members of the perpetrator group


    Naming culpability, shame and guilt: non-perpetrator members of the perpetrator group

    Revisiting moral culpability through ordinary morality

    The narrative of national unity and reconciliation: everyday relations and values


    Chapter 4 Revisiting the figure of the heroic rescuer: communal rescue, care and resistance


    Naming the public figure of the rescuer: individual, exceptional, heroic

    From exceptional heroes to communities of care

    The communal rescue narrative: care and resistance

    The ambivalent legacy of rescuing

    Revisiting the figure of the heroic saviour


    Chapter 5 Families of mixed ethnic backgrounds: the intimate burden of those caught in-between the politics of ethnic identity


    The erasure of the 'mixed' constituent in public narratives

    Rethinking the proxy categories of rescapé, génocidaire and orphelin du génocide

    Caught in-between: narrating the intimate burden of 'mixed' belonging

    The narrative legacy of the genocide

    Articulating and reclaiming the 'mixed'


    Chapter 6 Marginalisation and survival of the other minority group


    Naming the outside onlooker: the Twa

    Questioning the onlooker narrative: the insider and the struggle for survival

    Post-genocide narratives: from autochthones to historically marginalised

    Decentering the genocide narrative: national progress, vulnerability and material survival


    Chapter 7 Civilian returnees: intra-ethnic differences and continuities with the past and exile


    The Hamitic narrative: histories of mobility and belonging

    The hegemony of the RPF-led national narrative and the diverse stories of the civilian returnees

    Revisiting the narrative of the 'new' Rwanda: continuities with the past and exile


    Chapter 8 The revised constellation of genocide narratives and the untold social history of genocides


    The marginalised voices in the revised constellation of genocide narratives

    Narrative engagement: agency and dialogical strategies

    Rewriting the social history of the genocide that took place in Rwanda

    Expanding and applying the constellation of genocide narratives


    Giorgia Donà is Co-director of the Centre for Migration, Refugees and Belonging at the University of East London, UK.