Donald Winnicott (1896-1971) was trained in paediatrics, a profession that he practised to the end of his life, in particular at the Paddington Green Childrenâ€™s Hospital. He began analysis with James Strachey in 1923, became a member of the British Psychoanalytical Society in 1935, and twice served as its President. He was also a fellow of the Royal College of Physicians and of the British Psychological Society. The collection of papers that forms The Maturational Processes and the Facilitating Environment brings together Dr Winnicottâ€™s published and unpublished papers on psychoanalysis and child development during the period 1957-1963. It has, as its main theme, the carrying back of the application of Freudâ€™s theories to infancy. Freud showed that psycho-neurosis has its point of origin in the interpersonal relationships of the first maturity, belonging to the toddler age. Dr Winnicott explores the idea that mental hospital disorders relate to failures of development in infancy. Without denying the importance of inheritance, he has developed the theory that schizophrenic illness shows up as the negative of processes that can be traced in detail as the positive processes of maturation in infancy and early childhood.
Table of Contents
Editorial Note -- Introduction -- Papers on Development -- Psycho-Analysis and the Sense of Guilt (1958) -- The Capacity to be Alone (1958) -- The Theory of the Parent-Infant Relationship (1960) -- Ego Integration in Child Development (1962) -- Providing for the Child in Health and in Crisis (1962) -- The Development of the Capacity for Concern (1963) -- From Dependence towards Independence in the Development of the Individual (1963) -- Morals and Education (1963) -- Theory and Technique -- On the Contribution of Direct Child Observation to Psycho-Analysis (1957) -- Child Analysis in the Latency Period (1958) -- Classification: Is there a Psycho-Analytic Contribution to Psychiatric Classification? (1959â€“1964) -- Ego Distortion in Terms of True and False Self (1960) -- String: A Technique of Communication (1960) -- Counter-Transference (1960) -- The Aims of Psycho-Analytical Treatment (1962) -- A Personal View of the Kleinian Contribution (1962) -- Communicating and Not Communicating Leading to a Study of Certain Opposites (1963) -- Training for Child Psychiatry (1963) -- Psychotherapy of Character Disorders (1963) -- The Mentally Ill in Your Caseload (1963) -- Psychiatric Disorder in Terms of Infantile Maturational Processes (1963) -- Hospital Care Supplementing Intensive Psychotherapy in Adolescence (1963) -- Dependence in Infant-Care, in Child-Care, and in the Psycho-Analytic Setting (1963)