1st Edition

The Measurement of Information Integrity

By Michael Seadle Copyright 2022
    180 Pages
    by Routledge

    180 Pages
    by Routledge

    Arguing that there never was a time when politicians did not prevaricate and when some communities did not doubt conclusions that others considered to be facts, The Measurement of Information Integrity puts the post-truth era in context and offers measures for integrity in the modern world.

    Incorporating international examples from a range of disciplines, this book provides the reader with tools that will help them to evaluate public statements - especially ones involving the sciences and scholarship. It also provides intellectual tools to those who must assess potential violations of public or academic integrity. Many of these tools involve measurement mechanisms, ways of putting cases into context, and a recognition that few cases are simple black-and-white violations. Demonstrating that a binary approach to judging research integrity fails to recognize the complexity of the environment, Seadle highlights that even flawed discoveries may still contain value. Finally, the book reminds its reader that research integrity takes different forms in different disciplines and that each one needs separate consideration, even if the general principles remain the same for all.

    The Measurement of Information Integrity will help those who want to do research well, as well as those who must ascertain whether results have failed to meet the standards of the community. It will be of particular interest to researchers and students engaged in the study of library and information science.

    List of tables

    Preface

    Context

    How to Read this Book

    Acknowledgements

    Chapter 1: Introduction and Approach

    Introduction

    A Note on Vocabulary

    Problem statement

    Methodology

    Literature Review

    Summary

    Chapter 2: Context and Society

    Introduction

    Historical Context

    Evolution of the Concepts

    Incentives and Disincentives

    Summary: Social Context and Origin

    Chapter 3: Context and Institutions

    Introduction

    Institutions and Infrastructure

    Technology and Tools

    Role of Law

    Economic Context

    Summary

    Chapter 4: Disciplines

    Introduction

    Natural Sciences

    Social Sciences

    Humanities

    Professional Schools

    Summary

    Chapter 5: Measurement

    Introduction

    What is Measurement?

    Training in Measurement

    Institutions and Measurement

    Measurement Failures

    Summary

    Chapter 6: Actors

    Introduction

    Investigators

    Judges

    Violators

    Victims

    Summary

    Chapter 7: Conclusion and Consequences

    Introduction

    Scholarly Fraud

    Fraud in the Wider World

    Bibliography

    Index

    Biography

    Michael Seadle was long the Director of the Berlin School of Library and Information Science, Humboldt-Universit├Ąt zu Berlin, Germany, and Dean of Humanities. His current research areas include information integrity and digital archiving, and he currently serves as Executive Director of the international iSchools organisation.