This book presents a fresh approach to the question of the historical continuities and discontinuities of Jew-hatred, juxtaposing chapters dealing with the same phenomenon – one in the pre-modern, one in the modern period. How do the circumstances of interreligious violence differ in pre-Reformation Europe, the modern Muslim world, and the modern Western world? In addition to the diachronic comparison, most chapters deal with the significance of religion for the formation of anti-Jewish stereotypes. The direct dialogue of small-scale studies bridging the chronological gap brings out important nuances: anti-Zionist texts appropriating medieval ritual murder accusations; modern-day pogroms triggered by contemporary events but fuelled by medieval prejudices; and contemporary stickers drawing upon long-inherited knowledge about what a "Jew" looks like. These interconnections, however, differ from the often-assumed straightforward continuities between medieval and modern anti-Jewish hatred. The book brings together many of the most distinguished scholars of this field, creating a unique dialogue between historical periods and academic disciplines.
Introduction 1. Volcanic Archives: Towards a Direct Comparison of Pre-Modern and Modern Forms of Antisemitism Jonathan Adams and Cordelia Heß Part I: Longest Hatred versus Invented Tradition 2. The Medieval (and Ancient) Roots of Antisemitism Steven Englund 3. The Making of Antisemitism in Nineteenth-Century Europe as an Invention of Tradition Ulrich Wyrwa 4. What is Antisemitism Like?: An Analogical Approach Brian Klug Part II: Antisemitism Without Jews 5. Reception of Medieval European Anti-Jewish Concepts in Late Medieval and Early Modern Norway Yvonne Friedman 6. The Imitation Game?: Japanese Attitudes Towards Jews in Modern Times Rotem Kowner Part III: Christianity and Antisemitism 7. The Role of Medieval Northern Europe in Generating Virulent Anti-Jewish Imagery Robert Chazan 8. Between Anti- and Another Modernity: Anti-Judaism, the Imaginary Jew, and Catholic Antisemitism in Fin-de-Siècle Poland (1880–1914) Grzegorz Krzywiec 9. The Gospel According to Gibson: Medieval Passion Plays, a Mean-Spirited Nun, and What One Movie Can Tell Us about Jewish-Christian Relations at the Beginning of the Twenty-First Century Jonathan Adams Part IV: Islam and Antisemitism 10. Narrating Antisemitism in Historical and Contemporary Turkey Behruz Davletov and Tahir Abbas 11. Arab Antisemitic Discourse: Importation, Internalisation, and Recycling Esther Webman Part V: Bodies, Gender, and Antisemitism 12. What’s in a Nose? The Origins, Development, and Influence of Medieval Anti-Jewish Caricature Sara Lipton 13. Jewish Bodies in Postcards and Street Art: Changes in Anti-Jewish Visual Polemics Isabel Enzenbach 14. Masculinities, Carnal Israel, and Antisemitisms Victor Seidler Part VI: Blood Libel and Ritual Murder Allegations 15. The Ritual Murder Accusation as Medieval Invention: Linking Libels and Boy Martyrs Miriamne Ara Krummel 16. Norwich 1144: Origins and Afterlives Miri Rubin 17. A Rational Model for Blood Libel: The Aftonbladet Affair Jonathan Adams and Cordelia Heß Part VII: Neighbours 18. "...and order was upset": Easter, the Eucharist, and the Jews of Prague, 1389 Milan Žonca 19. Towards 1391: The Anti-Jewish Preaching of Ferrán Martínez in Seville Maya Soifer Irish 20. "The Present Causes of Past Effects": The Background Beliefs of the Kielce Pogrom (4 July 1946) Joanna Tokarska-Bakir Part VIII: Economy and Finance 21. Jewish Usurers, Blood Libel, and the Second-Hand Economy: The Medieval Origins of a Stereotype (from the Thirteenth to the Fifteenth Century) Giacomo Todeschini 22. The Deeper the Roots, the Deadlier the Antisemitism?: Comparing Images of Jewish Financial Control in Modern Germany and the United States Richard E. Frankel Part IX: Land and Home 23. The Theology of the Land in Jewish-Christian Relations and its Role in Misunderstandings Between Jews and Christians Jesper Svartvik 24. Yearning for Zion in Jewish Tradition Ruth Langer 25. Between Eternity and Wandering: The Anti-Jewish Discourse on the Wandering Jew in the Long Nineteenth Century in Germany and Austria Tuvia Singer Part X: Medieval Roots and Anti-Judaism 26. Europe, Christianity, Violence, and Jew-Hatred Victor Seidler 27. Postface Carlo Ginzburg 28. Which Past for Which Present?: A Reply to Carlo Ginzburg’s "Postface" on Anti-Judaism David Nirenberg