This book examines the recent evolution of the Mediterranean Welfare regime, and how the economic crisis may be contributing to redefine its basic traits. Moving from the macro comparative analysis of long-term socio-demographic trends to the study of specific welfare programs, the chapters included in this book employ a variety of methods and approaches to review the specificities of the Mediterranean Welfare model. All chapters aim to analyze the role that the recent transformations experienced by Southern European societies (ageing, increasing women labour market participation, decreasing expectations for care within the family, immigration) have had over this model. The basic characteristics of this regime type are supposed to be strongly grounded in the values shared by these societies (familistic tendencies, clientelism, lack of generalized trust), but the modernization which these countries experienced in recent years have contributed, with a different speed and to a different degree, to a significant transformation in their axiological foundations. The impact of the current fiscal and economic crisis on the Mediterranean Welfare regimes may be contributing to the growing de-legitimatisation of political systems of these countries, something particularly important in a region that established democratic regimes only (relatively) recently.
This book was originally published as a special issue of European Societies.
1. Where are the PIGS? Still a Southern European Welfare Regime? Göran Therborn 2. The Southern European Welfare Model in the Post-industrial Order. Still a distinctive cluster? Pau Marí-Klose and Francisco Javier Moreno-Fuentes 3. Youth, Family Change and Welfare Arrangements. Is the South still so different? Pau Marí-Klose and Luis Moreno 4. The Myth of Mediterranean Familism. Family values, family structure and public preferences for state intervention in care Ines Calzada and Clem Brooks 5. Bridge Over Troubled Waters. Family, gender and welfare in Portugal in the European context Anália Torres, Bernardo Coelho and Miguel Cabrita 6. Redefining the Dynamics of Intergenerational Family Solidarity in Spain Jordi Caïs and Laia Folguera 7. The Southern European Migrant-based Care Model. Long-term care and employment trajectories in Italy and Spain Barbara Da Roit, Amparo González Ferrer and Francisco Javier Moreno-Fuentes 8. Is Social Protection in Greece at a Crossroads? Maria Petmesidou 9. Female Employment and the Economic Crisis. Social change in Northern and Southern Italy Alberta Andreotti, Enzo Mingione and Jonathan Pratschke