71st Edition

The Middle East and North Africa 2025

Edited By Europa Publications Copyright 2025
    1306 Pages
    by Routledge

    Now in its seventy first edition, this title continues to provide the most up-to-date geopolitical and economic information for this important world area.

    Key Features:

    - covers the Middle East and North Africa from Algeria to Yemen

    - includes topical contributions from acknowledged experts on regional affairs

    - accurately and impartially records the latest political and economic developments

    - provides comprehensive data on all major organizations active in the countries of the region.

    General Survey

    - introductory essays cover a wide range of topics relating to the region as a whole.

    Country Surveys

    Individual chapters on each country incorporating:

    - essays on the physical and social geography, recent history and economy

    - an extensive statistical survey of economic and social indicators, which include area and population, health and welfare, agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining, industry, finance, trade, transport, tourism, communications media and education

    - a full directory with names, addresses and contact details covering the constitution, government, legislature, political organizations, election commissions, diplomatic representation, judiciary, religious groups, the media, finance, trade and industry (including petroleum and natural gas), tourism, defence and education

    - a country-specific bibliography, providing suggestions for further research.

    Regional Information

    - includes all major international organizations active in the Middle East and North Africa; research institutes specializing in the region; and select bibliographies of books and periodicals.

    PART ONE

    General Survey

    Saudi Arabia and Iran: Islam, Security and Foreign Policy in the Middle East

     

    SIMON MABON

     

     

     

    China’s Growing Presence in the Middle East: From Economic Partnerships to Diplomatic Engagement?

     

    JULIA GUROL

     

     

    US Middle East Policy

     

    ROBERT E. LOONEY

     

     

    Political Islam

     

    BARBARA ZOLLNER

     

     

    The Kurdish Question in the Middle East

     

    CENGIZ GUNES (revised for this edition by Liam Anderson)

     

     

     

     

    The Religions of the Middle East and North Africa

     

    R. B. SERJEANT

     

    Instituting a Sustainable Energy Transition in the Gulf: A Review of Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Qatar

     

    JUSTIN DARGIN

     

     

     

     

     

     

    PART TWO Country Surveys

     

     

    Sections on geography, history and economy, as well as statistical surveys, directories and bibliographies for each country

     

     

    ALGERIA

     

    History GIANNI DEL PANTA

     

    Economy ROBERT E. LOONEY

     

     

    BAHRAIN

     

    History MARC JONES (revised by KRISTIAN COATES ULRICHSEN)

     

    Economy MARTIN HVIDT

     

     

    CYPRUS

     

    History ANDREAS STERGIOU

     

    Economy Revised by ANDREAS STERGIOU

     

     

    ‘Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus’

     

    History

     

    Economy

     

     

    EGYPT

     

    History VAUGHN SHANNON

     

    Economy CHAHIR ZAKI

     

     

    IRAN

     

    History EDWARD WASTNIDGE

     

    Economy ROBERT E. LOONEY

     

     

    IRAQ

     

    History LIAM ANDERSON

     

    Economy ROBERT E. LOONEY

     

     

    ISRAEL

     

    History VAUGHN SHANNON

     

    Economy ROBERT E. LOONEY

     

    Occupied Territories

     

    East Jerusalem

     

    The Golan Heights

     

     

    JORDAN

     

    History COURTNEY FREER

     

    Economy ROBERT E. LOONEY (Based on an original essay by ONN WINCKLER)

     

     

    KUWAIT

     

    History Revised by CLAIRE BEAUGRAND

     

    Economy MÁTÉ SZALAI

     

     

    LEBANON

     

    History NATÁLIA CALFAT (revised by editorial staff)

     

    Economy ALI NOUREDDEEN

     

     

    LIBYA

     

    History RONALD BRUCE ST JOHN (Based on an original essay by RICHARD I. LAWLESS)

     

    Economy AMIR MAGDY KAMEL

     

     

    MOROCCO

     

    History NEIL PARTRICK (Based on an original essay by RICHARD I. LAWLESS)

     

    Economy NEIL PARTRICK (Based on an original essay by ALAN J. DAY)

     

     

    OMAN

     

    History Revised by MARC VALERI

     

    Economy FRANCIS OWTRAM

     

     

    PALESTINIAN TERRITORIES

     

    Recent History Updated by NIGEL PARSONS (Revised for this edition by VAUGHN SHANNON)

     

    Economy HABIB HINN, RAJA KHALIDI and ISLAM RABEE

     

     

    QATAR

     

    History DAVID ROBERTS

     

    Economy FRANCIS OWTRAM

     

     

    SAUDI ARABIA

     

    History BRANDON FRIEDMAN

     

    Economy NEIL PARTRICK (Based on an original essay by MOIN SIDDIQI)

     

     

    SPANISH NORTH AFRICA

     

    Ceuta

     

    Melilla

     

     

    SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC

     

    History EYAL ZISSER

     

    Economy OMAR S. DAHI and MOHAMMAD AL-ASADI

     

     

    TUNISIA

     

    History NEIL PARTRICK (Based on an original essay by RICHARD I. LAWLESS)

     

    Economy NEIL PARTRICK (Based on an original essay by the editorial staff)

     

     

    TÜRKIYE

     

    History GARETH JENKINS

     

    Economy GARETH JENKINS

     

     

    UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

     

    History KRISTIAN COATES ULRICHSEN

     

    Economy ROBERT E. LOONEY

     

     

    YEMEN

     

    History VINCENT DURAC

     

    Economy CHARLES SCHMITZ

     

     

     

     

    PART THREE Regional Information

     

    REGIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

     

    MAJOR COMMODITIES OF THE MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA

     

    DOCUMENTS ON PALESTINE

     

    CALENDARS

     

    RESEARCH INSTITUTES

     

    SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY (BOOKS)

     

    SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY(PERIODICALS)

    Biography

    Europa Publications’ regional publications are compiled by a team of editors and researchers, with introductory and country-specific material provided by specialists in their field:

    Mohammad Al-Asadi. Research Economist, Syrian Center for Policy Research, Vienna, Austria.

    Liam Anderson. Professor of Political Science, School of Social Sciences and International Studies, Wright State University, Dayton, OH, USA.

    Claire Beaugrand. Lecturer in Sociology of the Gulf and the Arabian Peninsula, Institute of Arab and Islamic Studies, University of Exeter, UK; CNRS Researcher at the Institut de Recherche Interdisciplinaire en Sciences Sociales (IRISSO), Université Paris Dauphine-PSL, France.

    Natália Calfat. PhD Candidate, Department of Political Science, University of São Paulo, Brazil.

    Kristian Coates Ulrichsen. Fellow for the Middle East, Baker Institute for Public Policy, Rice University, Houston, TX, USA.

    Omar S. Dahi. Professor of Economics, Hampshire College, Amherst, Massachusetts, USA; and Founding Director of `Security in Context’ research network.

    Justin Dargin. Middle East Energy and Climate Scholar, Carnegie Endowment for International

    Peace, Washington, DC, USA; and former legal advisor to OPEC. 

    Alan J. Day. Former Editor of The Annual Register, London, UK; former Joint Editor of the Political Handbook of the World, Binghamton University, New York, USA.

    Gianni Del Panta. Junior Assistant Professor of Political Science, University of Pavia, Italy.

    Vincent Durac. Associate Professor, School of Politics and International Relations, University College Dublin, Ireland.

     Courtney Freer. Visiting Assistant Professor of Middle Eastern Studies, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

     Brandon Friedman. Director of Research, Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies, Tel Aviv University, Israel.

     Cengiz Gunes. Associate Lecturer in Politics and International Relations, Faculty of Social Sciences, Open University, Milton Keynes, UK.

     Julia Gurol. Postdoctoral Researcher, Chair for International Relations, University of Freiburg & Arnold-Bergstraesser-Institute Freiburg, Germany.

     Habib Hinn. Lecturer in Finance and Economics, Birzeit University, Ramallah, Palestinian Territories.

     Martin Hvidt. Associate Professor and Head of Studies, Center for Modern Middle East and Muslim Studies, Department of Culture and Language, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.  

    Gareth Jenkins. Non-resident Senior Fellow with the Silk Road Studies Program, based in İstanbul, Türkiye.

    Marc Jones. Associate Professor in Middle East Studies, Hamad Bin Khalifa University, Doha, Qatar.

    Amir Magdy Kamel. Senior Lecturer (Associate Professor), School of Security Studies; Fellow, Institute of Middle Eastern Studies, King’s College London, UK; and Visiting Faculty, Abbasi Program, Stanford University, USA, and Politics and International Studies, University of San Francisco, USA.

    Raja Khalidi. Director-General, Palestine Economic Policy Research Institute (MAS), Ramallah, Palestinian Territories.

    Richard I. Lawless. Late Emeritus Reader in Middle Eastern Studies, Durham University, UK.

    Robert E. Looney. Distinguished Professor Emeritus, Department of National Security Affairs, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA, USA.

    Simon Mabon. Professor of International Politics, and Director of SEPAD, Lancaster University, UK.

    Ali Noureddeen. Independent economic researcher and writer, specializing in the Middle East and North Africa region.

    Francis Owtram. Honorary Research Fellow, Institute of Arab and Islamic Studies, University of Exeter, UK.

    Nigel Parsons. Senior Lecturer, Politics Programme, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand.

    Neil Partrick. Writer and analyst on the Arabian Peninsula and wider Middle East.

    Islam Rabee. Assistant Researcher at the Palestine Economic Policy Research Institute (MAS), Ramallah, Palestinian Territories.

    David Roberts. Senior Lecturer, School of Security Studies, King’s College London, UK; Adjunct Faculty, Paris School of International Affairs, Sciences Po, Paris, France; Non-resident Fellow at the Arab Gulf States Institute, Washington, DC, USA; and former Director of the Qatar office of the Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies

     Charles Schmitz. Professor and Chair, Department of Geography & Environmental Planning, Towson University, USA.

     R. B. Serjeant. Late Professor of Arabic and Director of the Middle East Centre, University of Cambridge, UK.

    Vaughn Shannon. Professor of Political Science, School of Social Sciences and International Studies, Wright State University, Dayton, OH, USA.  

     Moin Siddiqi. Independent economist specializing in macroeconomic developments and the banking sector in the Middle East and Africa; also advises on trends in petroleum markets.

     Andreas Stergiou. Professor, Department of Economics, University of Thessaly, Volos, Greece.

     Ronald Bruce St John. Independent scholar specializing in the political economy of developing states.

    Máté Szalai. Marie Sklodowska-Curie COFUND Fellow, Ca’ Foscari University, Venice, Italy.

     Marc Valeri. Associate Professor in Political Economy of the Middle East and Director of the Centre for Gulf Studies, University of Exeter, UK.

     Edward Wastnidge. Senior Lecturer in Politics and International Studies, Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences, Open University, Milton Keynes, UK.

     Onn Winckler. Professor, Department of Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies, University of Haifa, Israel.

    Chahir Zaki. Professor of Economics and World Trade Organization Chair Holder, Faculty of Economics and Political Science, Cairo University, Egypt.

    Eyal Zisser. Vice Rector, and Yona and Dina Ettinger Chair in Contemporary History of the Middle East, Tel Aviv University, Israel.

    Barbara Zollner. Independent scholar, specializing in the Middle East.