The Modern Ayurveda: Milestones Beyond the Classical Age, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

The Modern Ayurveda

Milestones Beyond the Classical Age, 1st Edition

Edited by C. P. Khare, Chandra Kant Katiyar

Routledge

413 pages

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pub: 2012-03-05
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Description

The Indian population has used Ayurvedic herbs for centuries, but now modern scientific work has led to recognition and acceptance at a global level. The major cause of the increased popularity of Ayurvedic medicine stems from recent scientific validation and its potential in lifestyle management. This growth in research in India and worldwide has created the need for a resource covering the scientific development of Ayurvedic herbs for practice during the postclassical period. The Modern Ayurveda: Milestones Beyond the Classical Age explores a host of topics essential to understanding the surge of scientific work now being conducted on this ancient practice.

A one-point source for the modern explorer attempting to appreciate the transformation of Ayurveda from an empirical to a rationalist understanding, the book enumerates more than 400 Ayurvedic herbs with compiled information including their botanical name, common Ayurvedic name and family, their attributes, chemical constituents, phytochemical markers, pharmacological actions, and their interactions and toxicity. It explores current research methodologies for the evaluation of efficacy and safety of herbal medicine and discusses the contemporary international regulatory status of herbal drugs.

Ayurvedic medicine can be better understood and utilized through the application of modern scientific analytical tools for standardization, modern pharmacological tools for safety and efficacy evaluation, and the application of biotechnology to elicit the mechanism of drug actions. Bringing Ayurveda into the 21st century, this volume will inform further progress and open new doors to treatment.

Reviews

"All in all, an excellent resource for both the Ayurvedic and conventional medicine researcher interested in Ayurveda, this book will be a valued member on anyone’s personal library as also in any institution."

—Dr. Urmila Thatte, Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine

Table of Contents

How the Concept of Modern Ayurveda Emerged; C. P. Khare

Transition from Ancient to Modern Ayurveda; Chandra Kant Katiyar

Ayurveda and Traditional Chinese Medicine: Challenges and Strategies; Chandra Kant Katiyar

Introduction

History and Philosophy

Basic Principles

Current Status

Scope and Achievements

Issues and Perspectives

Conclusion

References

Herb Nomenclature of the Last Classical Ayurvedic Treatise: Bhavaprakasa

By Botanical Name

By Ayurvedic Name

Classical Attributes of Ayurvedic Herbs

Bioactive Constituents of Medicinal Plants; V. K. Agarwal

Alkaloids

Classification of Alkaloids

General Properties of Alkaloids

Pharmacology

Anthocyanins

Flavones

Flavonoids

Tannins

Properties of Tannins

Industrial Uses of Tannins

Essential Oils

Pharmacology

Menthol

Camphor

Clove

Cypress

Lavender

Jasmine

Patchouli

Eucalyptus

Rosemary

Other Uses of Essential Oils

Terpenoids

Steroids

Sterols

Cholesterol

Ergosterol

Stigmasterol

Cardioactive Glycosides

Steroidal Glycosides

Cardiac Glycosides of Digitalis

Saponins

Saponins from Licorice

Saponins from Soapnut

Pharmacological Activity of Saponins

Gum, Resin, and Mucilage

Gums and Mucilage

Resins

Bitters

Pungent Constituents

Coumarins

Anthraquinones

Chemical Constituents of Ayurvedic Herbs

Phytochemical Markers of Ayurvedic Herbs

Interaction, Toxicity, and Specific Findings from Ayurvedic Herbs; C. P. Khare

Modern Pharmacological Classification of Ayurvedic Herbs; Chandra Kant Katiyar and Arun Gupta

Antacids

Antiallergics

Antiasthmatics

Anticancer

Antidiabetics

Antidiarrheals

Anti-DUB

Antiemetics

Antiflatulents

Antihypertensives

Anti-Inflammatory

Antimicrobials

Antiobesity

Antiparkinsonians

Antipyretics

Antispasmodics

Antistress

Antitussives and Expectorants

Antiurolithiatics

Aphrodisiacs

Blood Purifiers

Cardioprotectives

Digestives

Diuretics

Galactogogues

Hepatoprotectives

Hypolipidemics

Immunomodulators

Laxatives

Narcotics

Nephroprotectives

Nootropics

Sedatives

Skin Disorders

Tonics

Wound Healers

Evaluation of Efficacy and Safety of Herbal/Ayurvedic Medicines; Arun Gupta and Chandra Kant Katiyar

Introduction

Definitions

Historical Aspects

Regulatory Aspects on Conducting Clinical Trials

World Health Organization (WHO) Guidelines

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) Guidelines

Good Clinical Practice (GCP) Guidelines

Department of AYUSH, India

Ethical Issues

Limitations of Herbal and Traditional Medicine with Reference to Clinical

Trials

Trial Design

Randomized Controlled Trials

Blinding

Placebo

Standardization or Quality Control

Ayurvedic Perspective

Need of Alternative Approach to Clinical Trial for Traditional Medicine

Prakriti (Psychosomatic Constitution)

Rogi (Patient), Roga (Disease), and Pariksha (Examination)

Kriyakala (Interventions at Different Stages of Disease)

Pathya-apathya (Diet) to Be Followed with Medicine

Anupana (Vehicle) for Drug Administration

Proposed Methodologies for Clinical Trials on Ayurvedic Drugs

Toxicity Studies on Ayurvedic and Herbal Drugs

Acute Toxicity (OECD Test No. 43)

Subacute Toxicity (OECD Test No. 412)

Subchronic Toxicity (OECD Test No. 413)

Chronic Toxicity (OECD Test Guideline 452)

Carcinogenicity (OECD Test Guideline 451)

Test Guideline 416)

Ocular Toxicity (OECD Test No. 4052)

Neurotoxicity (OECD Test No. 424)

Conclusion and Way Forward

References

International Regulatory Status of Herbal Drugs; Sanjay Sharma

Southeast Asia

Bangladesh

India

Indonesia

Myanmar

Nepal

Sri Lanka

Thailand

Eastern Mediterranean

Egypt

Iran

Kuwait

Pakistan

Saudi Arabia

United Arab Emirates

Western Pacific

Australia

China

Fiji

Japan

Africa

South Africa

The Americas

United States of America

Argentina

Canada

Chile

Nicaragua

Europe

European Union

Conclusion

Bibliography

Information Resources

Databases

Herbal Monographs

Publicly Available

Subscription Based

Online Journals, Libraries, and Citations

Professional Associations

Related Links

Images

Adverse Effects, Safety, and Standards

Legal and Regulatory Information

Country-Specific Complementary and Alternative Medicine

United Kingdom

United States of America

India

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HEA011000
HEALTH & FITNESS / Herbal Medications
MED004000
MEDICAL / Alternative Medicine
SCI013000
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General