The Modern Historiography Reader : Western Sources book cover
1st Edition

The Modern Historiography Reader
Western Sources

Edited By

Adam Budd

ISBN 9780415458870
Published December 22, 2008 by Routledge
560 Pages

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Book Description

In The Modern Historiography Reader, Adam Budd guides readers through European and North American developments in history-writing since the eighteenth century. Starting with Enlightenment history and moving through subjects such as moral history, national history, the emergence of history as a profession, and the impact of scientific principles on history, he then looks at some of the most important developments in twentieth-century historiography such as social history, traumatic memory, postcolonialism, gender history, postmodernism, and the history of material objects.

This is the only book that brings together historiographical writing from anthropology, literary theory, philosophy, psychology, and sociology – as well as history. Each of the thirteen thematic sections begins with a clear introduction that familiarizes readers with the topics and articles, setting them in their wider contexts. They explain what historiography is, how historians’ perspectives and sources determine the kinds of questions they ask, and discuss how social and ideological developments have shaped historical writing over the past three centuries.

With a glossary of critical terms and reading lists for each section, The Modern Historiography Reader: Western Sources is the perfect introduction to modern historiography.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements.  Credits.  Preface.  Part 1: The Historian’s Task Introduction. 1.  John Emerich Edward, Lord Acton. "Inaugural Lecture: ‘On the Study of History’"  2. Carl Becker, "Everyman His Own Historian."  3. Marc Bloch, "Introduction."  4. Bonnie G. Smith, "What is a Historian?"  Further reading  Part 2: Giambattista Vico and the Meaning of Historical Origins  Introduction  5. Giambattista Vico, Principles of the New Science concerning the Common Nature of Nations  6. Erich Auerbach, "Vico and Aesthetic Historism."  7. [Anon: Adam Ferguson?] "History"  8. Dugald Stewart, ["On Conjectural History"] Essays on Philosophical Subjects  Further reading  Part 3: Historical Writing and Moral Psychology  Introduction  9. Hester Chapone, Letters on the Improvement of the Mind  10. Henry Home, Lord Kames. "On Ideal Presence," Elements of Criticism  11. William Godwin, "Of History and Romance" in Caleb Williams  12. Mark Salber Phillips, "Relocating Inwardness: Historical Distance and the Transition from Enlightenment to Romantic Historiography."  Further reading  Part 4: The Tasks of Romantic History  Introduction  13. Thomas Babington Macaulay. "History."  14. Thomas Carlyle. "Astraea Redux"  15. --. from "Lecture 1: The Hero as Divinity"  16. Jules Michelet, "Illustrations"  17. Mercy Otis Warren, "An Address to the Inhabitants of the United States"  18. Francis Parkman, "Introduction"  19. George Bancroft, "A Retrospect"  Further reading  Part 5: Historicism, the Historian’s Craft, and the New Century  Introduction  20. Wilhelm von Humbolt, from "On the Historian’s Task."  21. Leopold von Ranke. Two Prefaces.  22. Anthony Grafton, "How the Historian Found His Muse: Ranke’s Path to the Footnote."  23. James Harvey Robinson, "The New History."  24. [Marc Bloch and Lucien Febvre], "Avant-Propose: A Nos Lecteurs."  25. Herbert Butterfield, The Whig Interpretation of History  Further reading  Part 6: The Approach of Social Science  Introduction  27. John Stuart Mill, "The Historical Method"  28. Karl Marx with Friedrich Engels, "Premises of the Materialist Conception of History"  29. Émile Durkheim, "History, Function, and Cause"  30. Wilhelm Dilthey, from "Human Life: Lived and Relived"  31. --. "Empathy, Recreating, Reliving"  32. Max Weber, from "On the Concept of Sociology and the ‘Meaning’ of Social Conduct."  Further reading  Part 7: Historical Time and Historical Structures  Introduction  33. Oswald Spengler, The Decline of the West  34. R. G. Collingwood, "Oswald Spengler and the Theory of Historical Cycles"  35. Fernand Braudel, "History and the Social Sciences"  36. Thomas Kuhn, "Introduction: A Role for History"  Further reading  Part 8: Marxism and "History from Below"  Introduction  37. The Editors, "Introduction" Past and Present 1  38. E. P. Thompson. Preface. The Making of the English Working Class  39. Gertrude Himmelfarb, "The Group: British Marxist Historians"  40. [Editorial Collective.] "Editorials"  41. Roy Porter, "The Patient’s View: Doing Medical History from Below"  42.  Further reading  Part 9: History from Within: Trauma and Memory  Introduction  43. Michael Ignatieff, "The Nightmare from Which We Are Trying to Awake"  44. Hannah Arendt, "Judgment, Appeal, and Execution"  45. Adam Phillips, "Close-Ups"  46.  Further reading  Part 10: Postmodernism: "The Linguistic Turn"  Introduction  47. Hayden White, "The Historical Text as Literary Artifact"  48. Paul Ricoeur, The Reality of the Historical Past  Part 11: Sexual Identity  49. Joan Wallach Scott, "Gender: A Useful Category of Historical Analysis"  50. Michel Foucault, "Objective," The History of Sexuality: An Introduction  51. David Halperin, "Forgetting Foucault: Acts, Identities, and the History of Sexuality"  Further reading  Part 12: Anthropological Description and Objects of History  Introduction  52. Clifford Geertz, "Thick Description: Toward an Interpretive Theory of Culture"  53. Edward Said, "Introduction" Orientalism  54. David Cannadine, Ornamentalism: How the British Saw Their Empire  55. George Fredrickson, "The Concept of Racism in Historical Discourse"  Further reading  Part 13: The Social History of Material Objects  Introduction  56. Miller, Daniel and Chris Tilney, "Editorial"  57. Marcel Mauss, The Gift: Forms and Functions of Exchange in Archaic Societies  58. McKendrick, Neil, "Introduction," The Birth of a Consumer Society  59. Georges Vigarello, Concepts of Cleanliness: Changing Attitudes in France since the Middle Ages  60. Cornelius Holtorf, "Notes on the Life History of a Potshard"  Further reading.  Glossary.

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Adam Budd is Director of the Historical Methods Programme in the Graduate School of History and Classics at the University of Edinburgh. He teaches historiography, bibliography, and eighteenth-century literary history, and has published on related topics. His study of medicine and literary culture in the Scottish Enlightenment is forthcoming.


'An excellent potential teaching tool as well as a book from which those working in various branches of historiography will profit.' – Daniel Woolf, University of Alberta, General Editor, The Oxford History of Historical Writing

'An expert and well-conceived collection, presenting the major issues in historiography over the past three centuries ... The work as a whole will become the standard reader for surveying historical theory and practice in the West. It is simply excellent.' – Bonnie Smith, Rutgers University, USA