In The Modern Historiography Reader, Adam Budd guides readers through European and North American developments in history-writing since the eighteenth century. Starting with Enlightenment history and moving through subjects such as moral history, national history, the emergence of history as a profession, and the impact of scientific principles on history, he then looks at some of the most important developments in twentieth-century historiography such as social history, traumatic memory, postcolonialism, gender history, postmodernism, and the history of material objects.
This is the only book that brings together historiographical writing from anthropology, literary theory, philosophy, psychology, and sociology – as well as history. Each of the thirteen thematic sections begins with a clear introduction that familiarizes readers with the topics and articles, setting them in their wider contexts. They explain what historiography is, how historians’ perspectives and sources determine the kinds of questions they ask, and discuss how social and ideological developments have shaped historical writing over the past three centuries.
With a glossary of critical terms and reading lists for each section, The Modern Historiography Reader: Western Sources is the perfect introduction to modern historiography.
Table of Contents
Acknowledgements. Credits. Preface. Part 1: The Historian’s Task Introduction. 1. John Emerich Edward, Lord Acton. "Inaugural Lecture: ‘On the Study of History’" 2. Carl Becker, "Everyman His Own Historian." 3. Marc Bloch, "Introduction." 4. Bonnie G. Smith, "What is a Historian?" Further reading Part 2: Giambattista Vico and the Meaning of Historical Origins Introduction 5. Giambattista Vico, Principles of the New Science concerning the Common Nature of Nations 6. Erich Auerbach, "Vico and Aesthetic Historism." 7. [Anon: Adam Ferguson?] "History" 8. Dugald Stewart, ["On Conjectural History"] Essays on Philosophical Subjects Further reading Part 3: Historical Writing and Moral Psychology Introduction 9. Hester Chapone, Letters on the Improvement of the Mind 10. Henry Home, Lord Kames. "On Ideal Presence," Elements of Criticism 11. William Godwin, "Of History and Romance" in Caleb Williams 12. Mark Salber Phillips, "Relocating Inwardness: Historical Distance and the Transition from Enlightenment to Romantic Historiography." Further reading Part 4: The Tasks of Romantic History Introduction 13. Thomas Babington Macaulay. "History." 14. Thomas Carlyle. "Astraea Redux" 15. --. from "Lecture 1: The Hero as Divinity" 16. Jules Michelet, "Illustrations" 17. Mercy Otis Warren, "An Address to the Inhabitants of the United States" 18. Francis Parkman, "Introduction" 19. George Bancroft, "A Retrospect" Further reading Part 5: Historicism, the Historian’s Craft, and the New Century Introduction 20. Wilhelm von Humbolt, from "On the Historian’s Task." 21. Leopold von Ranke. Two Prefaces. 22. Anthony Grafton, "How the Historian Found His Muse: Ranke’s Path to the Footnote." 23. James Harvey Robinson, "The New History." 24. [Marc Bloch and Lucien Febvre], "Avant-Propose: A Nos Lecteurs." 25. Herbert Butterfield, The Whig Interpretation of History Further reading Part 6: The Approach of Social Science Introduction 27. John Stuart Mill, "The Historical Method" 28. Karl Marx with Friedrich Engels, "Premises of the Materialist Conception of History" 29. Émile Durkheim, "History, Function, and Cause" 30. Wilhelm Dilthey, from "Human Life: Lived and Relived" 31. --. "Empathy, Recreating, Reliving" 32. Max Weber, from "On the Concept of Sociology and the ‘Meaning’ of Social Conduct." Further reading Part 7: Historical Time and Historical Structures Introduction 33. Oswald Spengler, The Decline of the West 34. R. G. Collingwood, "Oswald Spengler and the Theory of Historical Cycles" 35. Fernand Braudel, "History and the Social Sciences" 36. Thomas Kuhn, "Introduction: A Role for History" Further reading Part 8: Marxism and "History from Below" Introduction 37. The Editors, "Introduction" Past and Present 1 38. E. P. Thompson. Preface. The Making of the English Working Class 39. Gertrude Himmelfarb, "The Group: British Marxist Historians" 40. [Editorial Collective.] "Editorials" 41. Roy Porter, "The Patient’s View: Doing Medical History from Below" 42. Further reading Part 9: History from Within: Trauma and Memory Introduction 43. Michael Ignatieff, "The Nightmare from Which We Are Trying to Awake" 44. Hannah Arendt, "Judgment, Appeal, and Execution" 45. Adam Phillips, "Close-Ups" 46. Further reading Part 10: Postmodernism: "The Linguistic Turn" Introduction 47. Hayden White, "The Historical Text as Literary Artifact" 48. Paul Ricoeur, The Reality of the Historical Past Part 11: Sexual Identity 49. Joan Wallach Scott, "Gender: A Useful Category of Historical Analysis" 50. Michel Foucault, "Objective," The History of Sexuality: An Introduction 51. David Halperin, "Forgetting Foucault: Acts, Identities, and the History of Sexuality" Further reading Part 12: Anthropological Description and Objects of History Introduction 52. Clifford Geertz, "Thick Description: Toward an Interpretive Theory of Culture" 53. Edward Said, "Introduction" Orientalism 54. David Cannadine, Ornamentalism: How the British Saw Their Empire 55. George Fredrickson, "The Concept of Racism in Historical Discourse" Further reading Part 13: The Social History of Material Objects Introduction 56. Miller, Daniel and Chris Tilney, "Editorial" 57. Marcel Mauss, The Gift: Forms and Functions of Exchange in Archaic Societies 58. McKendrick, Neil, "Introduction," The Birth of a Consumer Society 59. Georges Vigarello, Concepts of Cleanliness: Changing Attitudes in France since the Middle Ages 60. Cornelius Holtorf, "Notes on the Life History of a Potshard" Further reading. Glossary.
Adam Budd is Director of the Historical Methods Programme in the Graduate School of History and Classics at the University of Edinburgh. He teaches historiography, bibliography, and eighteenth-century literary history, and has published on related topics. His study of medicine and literary culture in the Scottish Enlightenment is forthcoming.
'An excellent potential teaching tool as well as a book from which those working in various branches of historiography will profit.' – Daniel Woolf, University of Alberta, General Editor, The Oxford History of Historical Writing
'An expert and well-conceived collection, presenting the major issues in historiography over the past three centuries ... The work as a whole will become the standard reader for surveying historical theory and practice in the West. It is simply excellent.' – Bonnie Smith, Rutgers University, USA