1st Edition

The Mongol World

Edited By Timothy May, Michael Hope Copyright 2022
    1100 Pages 68 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    Drawing upon research carried out in several different languages and across a variety of disciplines, The Mongol World documents how Mongol rule shaped the trajectory of Eurasian history from Central Europe to the Korean Peninsula, from the thirteenth century to the fifteenth century.

    Contributing authors consider how intercontinental environmental, economic, and intellectual trends affected the Empire as a whole and, where appropriate, situate regional political, social, and religious shifts within the context of the broader Mongol Empire. Issues pertaining to the Mongols and their role within the societies that they conquered therefore take precedence over the historical narrative of the societies that they conquered. Alongside the formation, conquests, administration, and political structure of the Mongol Empire, the second section examines archaeology and art history, family and royal households, science and exploration, and religion, which provides greater insight into the social history of the Empire -- an aspect often neglected by traditional dynastic and political histories.

    With 58 chapters written by both senior and early-career scholars, the volume is an essential resource for all students and scholars who study the Mongol Empire from its origins to its disintegration and legacy.


    Michael Hope and Timothy May


    Section 1 Introduction: Conquest and State Formation

    Michael Hope and Timothy May

    Part 1: Chinggis Khan and State Formation

    1. Mongolia Before Chinggis Khan

    Isenbike Togan

    2. The Rise of Chinggis Khan

    Timothy May

    3. The Early Mongol State

    Isenbike Togan

    Part 2: The Mongol Conquests

    4. The Mongol Conquest of Xi Xia

    David Curtis Wright

    5. The Mongol Conquest of the Jin Empire, 1211-1234

    David Curtis Wright

    6. The Mongol Conquest of the Song Empire, 1234-1279

    David Curtis Wright

    7. The Conquest of Qara Khitai and Western Siberia

    Timothy May

    8. Conquest of the Dasht-i Qipchaq

    Timothy May

    9. The Mongol Conquest of Rus’

    Alexander V. Maiorov

    10. The Mongol Invasions of Europe

    Stephan Pow

    11. The Mongol Conquest of Iran

    Beatrice Forbes Manz

    12. The Mongol Conquest of Transcaucasia

    John Lathan-Sprinkle

    13. The Mongol Conquest of the Near East

    Timothy May

    Part 3: The Mongol Successor States

    14. The Jochid Ulus

    Roman Hautala

    15. The Yuan Empire

    Xiaolin Ma

    16. The Ilkhanate

    George Lane

    17. The Middle Empire

    Michael Hope

    Part 4: Administration and Political Structure

    18. The Yasa

    Denise Aigle

    19. Jarqu and Jarquchin

    Florence Houdous

    20. Daughters, Consort Families, and the Military

    Anne F. Broadbridge

    21. Mongol State Formation and Imperial Transformation

    Lhamsuren Munkh-Erdene

    22. The Keshig

    Michael Hope

    23. The Jam System

    Hosung Shim


    Section 2 Introduction

    Michael Hope and Timothy May

    Part 5: Family and Royal Households

    24. Consort Families in the Successor States

    Anne F. Broadbridge

    25. Elite Women in the Mongol Empire

    Bruno De Nicola

    Part 6: Finance, Trade, and Economy

    26. Mongol Monetary Trends

    Judith Kolbas

    27. Maritime Silk Road: The Mongols and the Indian Ocean

    Paul D. Buell

    28. Taxation in the Jochid Ulus

    István Vásáry

    29. Overland Trade in the Mongol World

    Colleen C. Ho

    Part 7: Archaeology and Art History

    30. The Archaeology of the Mongol Empire

    Ulambayar Erdenebat, Jargalan Burentogtokh, and William Honeychurch

    31. The Art History and Material Culture of the Yuan Empire

    Shane McCausland

    32. The Visual World of the Ilkhanids and Chaghadaids

    Sheila Blair

    33. Archaeology and the Material Culture of the Ulus Jochi (Golden Horde)

    Daniel C. Waugh

    Part 8: Religion

    34. Shamans at the Court of the Qa’an

    Dashdondog BAYARSAIKHAN

    35. Nestorian Christianity Among the Mongols

    Dashdondog BAYARSAIKHAN

    36. The Islamization of the Mongols

    Ishayahu Landa

    37. Daoism in the Mongol Empire

    Jesse Sloane

    38. Confucianism in the Mongol Empire

    Jesse Sloane

    39. Buddhism in the Mongol Empire

    Brian Baumann

    40. Judaism and the Mongol Empire

    Na’ama O. Arom

    Part 9: Science & Exploration

    41. Arabic Medicine in China and in the Mongol World

    Paul D. Buell

    42. Mapping & Exploration

    Hyunhee Park


    Section 3 Introduction

    Michael Hope and Timothy May

    Part 10: The Mongols in the Eyes of the Conquered

    43. Yuan Chinese Attitudes Towards the Mongols

    Morris Rossabi

    44. The Mongols in the Eyes of the Armenians

    Dashdondog BAYARSAIKHAN

    45. The Mongols in the Eyes of the Koryo People

    Lee Kang Hahn

    46. The Mongols in the Eyes of the Uyghurs

    Michael C. Brose

    47. From Brutes to Bodhisattvas: The Mongols in Tibetan Sources

    Soyoung Choi

    48. The Mongols in the Eyes of the Iranians

    Michael Hope

    49. The Mongols in the Eyes of the Rus’

    Donald Ostrowski

    50. The Mongols in the Eyes of the Papal & Royal Missions to Mongolia and China (c. 1245-1370)

    Antti Ruotsala

    Part 11: Beyond the Borders of the Mongol Empire

    51. Mongols in the Mamluk Sultanate

    Josephine van den Bent

    52. The Outer Limits of Steppe Power: Mongol Excursions in Southeast Asia

    James A. Anderson

    53. The Mongols in South Asia

    Michael Hope

    54. The Mongol Invasions of Japan and Their Legacy

    Li Narangoa

    Part 12: The Mongol Legacy

    55. The Chinggisid Legacy in the Middle East

    Patrick Wing

    56. Timur’s Empire

    Evrim Binbaş

    57. Rescuing Legitimate Narrative by Re-imaging Qubilai Qa’an

    Yihao Qiu

    58. The Legacy of the Mongol Empire in Mongolia

    Ippei Shimamura


    Timothy May (Ph.D., University of Wisconsin-Madison) is Professor of Central Eurasian History at the University of North Georgia and serves as Associate Dean of Arts & Letters. A scholar of the Mongol Empire, he focuses on Mongol military history and strategy. He is the author of The Mongol Art of War (2007), The Mongol Conquests in World History (2012), The Mongol Empire (2018), The Mongols (2019), and Simply Chinggis (2021). In 2014, he was named the University of North Georgia Alumni Distinguished Professor, and he earned the UNG Distinguished Teaching Award in 2021.

    Michael Hope (Ph.D., Australian National University) is Associate Professor of History at Yonsei University, Korea. He specializes in the political and cultural history of the Mongol Empire with a particular focus on the Ilkhanate. He is the author of Power, Politics, and Tradition in the Mongol Empire and the Ilkhanate of Iran (2016).