Professionalisation was a key feature of the changing nature of work and society in the nineteenth century, with formal accreditation, registration and organisation becoming increasingly common. Trades and occupations sought protection and improved status via alignment with the professions: an attempt to impose order and standards amid rapid social change, urbanisation and technological development. The structures and expectations governing the music profession were no exception, and were central to changing perceptions of musicians and music itself during the long nineteenth century. The central themes of status and identity run throughout this book, charting ways in which the music profession engaged with its place in society. Contributors investigate the ways in which musicians viewed their own identities, public perceptions of the working musician, the statuses of different sectors of the profession and attempts to manipulate both status and identity. Ten chapters examine a range of sectors of the music profession, from publishers and performers to teachers and military musicians, and overall themes include class, gender and formal accreditation. The chapters demonstrate the wide range of sectors within the music profession, the different ways in which these took on status and identity, and the unique position of professional musicians both to adopt and to challenge social norms.
Introduction Rosemary Golding
1. The Finances, Estates, and Social Status of Musicians in the Late Eighteenth Century Rebecca Gribble
2. Composers and Publishers in Clementi’s London David Rowland
3. Professionalization and the Female Musician in Early Victorian Britain: the Campaign for Eliza Salmon David Kennerley
4. The British Army and the Music Profession: the Impact of Regimental Bands on the Status and Identity of Professional Musicians Helen Barlow
5. Church Musicians in Nineteenth-Century Durham Martin V. Clarke
6. The Rise of the Professional Music Critic in Nineteenth-Century England Paul Watt
7. Music Teaching in the Late-Nineteenth Century: a Professional Occupation? Rosemary Golding
8. Women Musicians and Professionalism in the Late-Nineteenth and Early-Twentieth Centuries Sophie Fuller
9. Musicians, Singers and Other Artistes as Workers in the British Music Hall 1900-1918 John Mullen
10. Building a Concert Career in Edwardian London Simon McVeigh
So much of our ‘common’ knowledge of music in nineteenth-century Britain is bound up with received ideas. This series disputes their validity through research critically reassessing our perceptions of the period. Volumes in the series cover wide-ranging areas such as composers and composition; conductors, management and entrepreneurship; performers and performing; music criticism and the press; concert venues and promoters; church music and music theology; repertoire, genre, analysis and theory; instruments and technology; music education and pedagogy; publishing, printing and book selling; reception, historiography and biography; women and music; masculinity and music; gender and sexuality; domestic music-making; empire, orientalism and exoticism; and music in literature, poetry, theatre and dance.