Assessing fifty years of the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA), passed in 1966, this volume examines the impact of this key piece of legislation on heritage practices in the United States. The editors and contributing authors summarize how we approached compliance in the past, how we approach it now, and how we may approach it in the future. This volume
- presents how federal, state, tribal entities, and contractors in different regions address compliance issues;
- examines half a century of changes in the level of inventory, evaluation and mitigation practices, and determinations of eligibility;
- describes how the federal and state agencies have changed their approach over half a century; the Act is examined from the Federal, SHPO, THPO, Advisory Council, and regional perspectives.
Using case studies authored by well-known heritage professionals based in universities, private practice, tribes, and government, this volume provides a critical and constructive examination of the NHPA and its future prospects. Archaeology students and scholars, as well heritage professionals, should find this book of interest.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1. The National Historic Preservation Act: 50 Years Young and Still Going Strong
Chapter 2. The National Historic Preservation Act and 36 CFR 800
Marion Werkheiser, L. Eden Burgess, and Cameron Green
Chapter 3. Section 106 Turns 50
Chapter 4. Who’s On First: Federal Agencies and Compliance tith the National Historic Preservation Act
Kimball Banks and Renee Boen
Chapter 5. A Retrospective from the North Dakota State Historic Preservation Office
Fern Swenson, Paul Picha, and Amy Bleier
Chapter 6. The THPO Perspective
Chapter 7. The National Historic Preservation Act in the Pacific Northwest
Chapter 8. California: A Half-Century of National Historic Preservation Act Benefits in the Golden State
Chapter 9. The Expansion and Acceleration of Historic Preservation in Arizona and New Mexico
Sarah Herr and Beth Grindell
Chapter 10. Where the Buffalo Roam: The National Historic Preservation Act and the Northern Plains
Kimball Banks, Craig Lee, and Damita Engel
Chapter 11. History (Including Prehistory) Matters: The National Historic Preservation Act in the Southern Plains
Duane Peter, Ann Scott, and Nancy Kenmotsu
Chapter 12. Perspectives from the Intermountain West and the Great Basin
Kim Kintz and Ron Rood
Chapter 13. Developing Responsible Stewardship: Sections 106 and 110 Compliance in Midwestern National Forests, 1966 to Present
Rhiannon Jones and Donald Wier
Chapter 14. The Impact of the National Historic Preservation Act on Southeastern Archaeology
Chapter 15. The National Historic Preservation Act’s Social and Political Legacy in the Northeastern Megalopolis
Chapter 16. How Did We Get Here and Where Are We Going?
About the Authors
Kimball M. Banks earned his Ph.D. from Southern Methodist University. He has spent most of his career in Federal service, first with the Bureau of Indian Affairs and then the Bureau of Reclamation. He has conducted fieldwork in the American Southwest, Southeast, Northern Plains, Texas, California, and in Egypt. While with the Bureau of Reclamation, he administered investigations at the Angostura Site, the McKean site and other sites that the River Basin Surveys and Interagency Archeological Survey Program investigated, which stimulated his interest in the history of the River Basin Surveys. He currently manages the Regional Office of Metcalf Archaeological Consultants, Inc. in Bismarck, North Dakota.
Ann M. Scott is the Director of Cultural Resources at aci consulting, an environmental consulting firm headquartered in Austin, Texas. She earned her PhD in Latin American Studies from The University of Texas at Austin, received a MA in Anthropology from Northern Illinois University, and completed a BS degree with honors from Central Michigan University. Dr. Scott has over 25 years of archaeological experience and has worked for the National Park Service, the State of Wisconsin, the State of Illinois, and various private consulting firms in the Midwest and Texas. In addition to a successful career in cultural resource management, Dr. Scott has a long record of conducting research in Latin America. She has participated in archaeological research in Peru, Bolivia, Honduras, Guatemala, and Belize, and specializes in Mesoamerican cave archaeology.