Over the past two decades, civil society has played a pivotal role in Europe, from the demise of Communist rule to the reunification of Europe, followed by the expansion of the single market to the reconstitution of democracy in the enlarged European Union.
European civil society has emerged as a social space between EU governance and the citizens of the member states, populated by non-state agents claiming to represent, speak for or participate on behalf of the most varied social constituencies in EU decision making. This book consolidates European civil society research by re-viewing its conceptual, normative and empirical-analytical foundations. With contributors from political science to sociology to law, it captures the evolving practices of European civil society that stretch across the national (local), the European and the global realm. Developing an analytical framework that highlights the interplay between civil society building and polity building from above as well as from below, within the legal and institutional framework of the EU, they examine whether and how civil society can contribute to making democracy work in normative democratic theoretical perspectives.
This book will be of interest to students and scholars of civil society, European politics, political science and sociology.
1. Introduction: The ‘New Politics of European Civil Society’ – Conceptual, Normative and Empirical Issues Ulrike Liebert and Hans-Jörg Trenz Part 1: Conceptual Clarifications 2. What is ‘Civil Society’ and Who Represents it in the European Union? Beate Kohler-Koch and Christine Quittkat 3.The Making of a European Civil Society: ‘Imagined’, ‘Practiced’ and ‘Staged’ Klaus Eder Part 2: Normative Re-Assessments 4. The Three Worlds of ‘European Civil Society’: What Role for Civil Society for What Kind of Europe? Beate Kohler-Koch 5. European Civil Society and Citizenship: Complementary or Exclusionary Concepts? Stijn Smismans 6. Exit, Voice or Loyalty? The New Politics of European Civil Society Ulrike Liebert Part 3: Empirical-Analytical Perspectives 7. Civil Society and EU Constitution Making: Towards a European Social Constituency Hans-Jörg Trenz, Nadine Bernhard and Erik Jentges 8. Identifying Uncivil Society in Europe: Towards a ‘New Politics of the Enemy’? Carlo Ruzza 9.The Decline of Civil Society after ‘Post-Communism’ David Ost 10. Challenges of Integration and Participation: Civil Society Organizations from New Member States in EU Governance Heiko Pleines. Afterwords Andrew Arato. Appendices Appendix I: ConstEPS. Appendix II: Coding Scheme for CSOs’ Strategies in EU Treaty Reform. Appendix III: Coding Scheme for CSOs’ Conceptions of Democracy in EU. Appendix IV: Coding Scheme for CSO Linkages to EU Politics