Over the past two decades, psychologists have increasingly emphasized the role of intuition and emotion in human cognition and behavior. Some have even argued that we are so governed by our intuitions that analytic thinking merely facilitates confirmation bias and motivated reasoning. However, a recent trend in thinking and reasoning research has called this position into question, indicating that just being willing to engage in analytic reasoning is a meaningful predictor of key psychological outcomes in diverse areas of everyday life.
The New Reflectionism in Cognitive Psychology reviews the evidence for the most recent theories on human thinking and reasoning, exploring how analytic thinking plays an important role in human morality and creativity. Featuring contributions from leading researchers, the volume also considers research on religious, paranormal, and conspiratorial beliefs.
An essential volume for all students and researchers of thinking and reasoning, The New Reflectionism in Cognitive Psychology emphasizes the role that analytic thinking plays in everyday life and the importance of reason in the modern technological age.
Having contributed to the great rationality debate in cognitive science, I am quite happy to see it evolve into the new reflectionism exemplified in this volume. The chapters amply illustrate that we have arrived at a more nuanced view of the interactions between intuition and reflective thinking. --Keith E. Stanovich, University of Toronto, author of The Rationality Quotient
Demonstrations of human irrationality are interesting and profound, but they have led too many people to reason that people are incapable of reason. This volume puts the question of human rationality in proper perspective, and offers a needed correction to the current fatalism about reason, facts, and objectivity. --Steven Pinker, Johnstone Professor of Psychology, Harvard University, and author of How the Mind Works and Enlightenment Now
List of contributors
1. Why reason matters: An introduction
2. Reflective thought, religious belief, and the social foundations hypothesis
JONATHAN MORGAN, CONNOR WOOD, AND CATHERINE CALDWELL-HARRIS
3. Towards understanding intuition and reason in paranormal beliefs
4. The Earth is flat! Or is it?: How thinking analytically might just convince you the Earth isn’t flat
5. The Moral Myopia Model: Why and how reasoning matters in moral judgment
JUSTIN F. LANDY AND EDWARD B. ROYZMAN
6. Intuition, reason, and creativity: An integrative dual-process perspective
7. Why reason matters: Connecting research on human reason to the challenges of the Anthropocene
NATHANIEL BARR AND GORDON PENNYCOOK
Current Issues in Thinking and Reasoning is a series of edited books which will reflect the state of the art in areas of current and emerging interest in the psychological study of thinking processes.
Each volume will be tightly focussed on a particular topic and will consist of from seven to ten chapters contributed by international experts. The editors of individual volumes will be leading figures in their areas and will provide an introductory overview.
Example topics include thinking and working memory, visual imagery in problem solving, evolutionary approaches to thinking, cognitive processes in planning, creative thinking, decision making processes, pathologies of thinking, individual differences, neuropsychological approaches and applications of thinking research.