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The Newman Lectures on Transport Phenomena




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ISBN 9789814774277
November 2, 2020 Forthcoming by Jenny Stanford Publishing
324 Pages 32 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

Prof. Newman is considered one of the great chemical engineers of his time. His reputation derives from his mastery of all phases of the subject matter, his clarity of thought, and his ability to reduce complex problems to their essential core elements. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, Washington, DC, USA, and has won numerous national awards including every award offered by the Electrochemical Society, USA. His motto, as known by his colleagues, is "do it right the first time." He has been teaching undergraduate and graduate core subject courses at the University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), USA, since joining the faculty in 1966. His method is to write out, in long form, everything he expects to convey to his class on a subject on any given day. He has maintained and updated his lecture notes from notepad to computer throughout his career. This book is an exact reproduction of those notes.

This book demonstrates how to solve the classic problems of fluid mechanics, starting with the Navier–Stokes equation. It explains when it is appropriate to simplify a problem by neglecting certain terms through proper dimensional analysis. It covers concepts such as microscopic interpretation of fluxes, multicomponent diffusion, entropy production, nonnewtonian fluids, natural convection, turbulent flow, and hydrodynamic stability. It amply arms any serious problem solver with the tools to address any problem.

Table of Contents

Section A: Basic Transport Relations

1. Conservation Laws and Transport Laws

2. Fluid Mechanics

3. Microscopic Interpretation of the Momentum Flux

4. Heat Transfer in a Pure Fluid

5. Concentrations and Velocities in Mixtures

6. Material Balances and Diffusion

7. Relaxation Time for Diffusion

8. Multicomponent Diffusion

9. Heat Transfer in Mixtures

10. Transport Properties

11. Entropy Production

12. Coupled Transport Processes

Section B: Laminar Flow Solutions

13. Introduction

14. Simple Flow Solutions

15. Stokes Flow Past a Sphere

16. Flow to a Rotating Disk

17. Singular-Perturbation Expansions

18. Creeping Flow Past a Sphere

19. Mass Transfer to a Sphere in Stokes Flow

20. Mass Transfer to a Rotating Disk

21. Boundary-Layer Treatment of a Flat Plate

22. Boundary-Layer Equations of Fluid Mechanics

23. Curved Surfaces and Blasius Series

24. The Diffusion Boundary Layer

25. Blasius Series for Mass Transfer

26. Graetz–Nusselt–Lévêque Problem

27. Natural Convection

28. High Rates of Mass Transfer

29. Heterogeneous Reaction at a Flat Plate

30. Mass Transfer to the Rear of a Sphere in Stokes Flow

31. Spin Coating

32. Stefan–Maxwell Mass Transport

Section C: Transport in Turbulent Flow

33. Turbulent Flow and Hydrodynamic Stability

34. Time Averages and Turbulent Transport

35. Universal Velocity Profile and Eddy Viscosity

36. Turbulent Flow in a Pipe

37. Integral Momentum Method for Boundary Layers

38. Use of the Universal Eddy Viscosity for Turbulent Boundary Layers

39. Mass Transfer in Turbulent Flow

40. Mass Transfer in Turbulent Pipe Flow

41. Mass Transfer in Turbulent Boundary Layers

42. New Perspective in Turbulence

...
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Editor(s)

Biography

John Newman is Charles W. Tobias Chair of Electrochemistry (emeritus), Department of Chemical Engineering, UC Berkeley. At the same time, he was also a senior scientist and principal investigator at the Energy Technologies Area (ETA), Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Berkeley, California, USA. He received his BS degree from Northwestern University, Illinois, USA, and MS degree and PhD from UC Berkeley. He has been a recipient of the Onsager Professorship, 2002, of the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway. His current research focuses on the analysis and design of electrochemical systems, with batteries, fuel cells, turbulence, and renewable energy receiving the most attention. He is the author of over 300 technical publications, numerous plenary and invited lectures, and the book Electrochemical Systems.

Vincent Battaglia is a research scientist at LBNL, where he heads the Energy Storage Group of the ETA. He received his BS degree in chemical engineering from Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA, and his MS degree and PhD in chemical engineering from UC Berkeley with an emphasis in electrochemical engineering. He joined Argonne National Laboratory, Washington, DC, as a postdoctoral fellow and was later appointed as a chemical engineer, then technical coordinator for DOC PNGV office and coordinator of DOE VTO Battery Research there. He specializes in battery design, fabrication, and testing, and his current research focuses on the science of electrode formulation as it relates to manufacturing and performance. He has received the Pacesetter Award from Argonne National Laboratory, the DOE R&D Award, the 2013 R&D 100 Award, and the FMC Corporation external research collaboration award.

Reviews

 "These lecture notes are invaluable and belong in the hands of teachers and researchers of transport phenomena. Prof. Newman presents the material in a clear and coherent manner that will offer insights and new perspectives even for experienced practitioners. The classic solutions for laminar and turbulent flow are described concisely and are always well referenced to the original work. Though often thought of as a mature field, the remaining challenges and discrepancies are identified."

—Prof. Tom Fuller, Georgia Institute of Technology, USA

"This treatise distinguishes itself from other treatments of this subject in two ways. First, it provides extensive breadth and depth to key topics in transport phenomena. Second, it focuses on how to formulate general equation systems and how to solve several important problems using various mathematical methods. In this context, the treatment is complemented by The Newman Lectures on Mathematics. In addition, The Newman Lectures on Thermodynamics provides a foundation for understanding the thermodynamics of irreversible processes, which are central to formulating transport equations. The historical underpinnings add a welcome texture to the exposition."

—Dr. Mark Verbrugge, General Motors, USA