The Nuclear Ban Treaty
A Transformational Reframing of the Global Nuclear Order
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The contributors to this book describe, discuss, and evaluate the normative reframing brought about by the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (the Ban Treaty), taking you on a journey through its genesis and negotiation history to the shape of the emerging global nuclear order.
Adopted by the United Nations on 7 July 2017, the Ban Treaty came into effect on 22 January 2021. For advocates and supporters, weapons that were always immoral are now also illegal. To critics, it represents a profound threat to the stability of the existing global nuclear order with the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty as the normative anchor. As the most significant leap in nuclear disarmament in fifty years and a rare case study of successful state-civil society partnership in multilateral diplomacy, the Ban Treaty challenges the established order. The book’s contributors are leading experts on the Ban Treaty, including senior scholars, policymakers and civil society activists.
A vital guide to the Ban Treaty for students of nuclear disarmament, arms control and diplomacy as well as for policymakers in those fields.
Table of Contents
Introduction. Completing the nuclear disarmament agenda: From the NPT to the Ban Treaty, Ramesh Thakur PART I: ORIGINS, NATURE, IMPACT 1. The Humanitarian Initiative and the TPNW, Alexander Kmentt 2. Cooperation or conflict? Walking the tightrope of NPT and Ban Treaty supporters, Angela Kane 3. Towards a nuclear restraint regime: From a normative Ban Treaty to a substantive agenda, Manpreet Sethi 4. Does the TPNW contradict or undermine the NPT? Tariq Rauf 5. Harmonising the NPT and Ban Treaty in nuclear risk reduction measures, Rakesh Sood 6. How many intensive care beds will a nuclear weapon explosion require? Tom Sauer and Ramesh Thakur 7. On creating the TPNW verification system, Thomas E. Shea 8. Nuclear prohibition: The long night’s journey into day, Joseph Camilleri 9. The power of a ban: Outlawing nuclear weapons practices Joelien Pretorius 10. Sovereignty as responsibility and the Ban Treaty, Ramesh Thakur PART II: COUNTRY PERSPECTIVES 11. Unhinged leaders and nuclear weapons: It’s time to act, Tanya Ogilvie-White 12. The TPNW: Russia’s perspectives, Vladimir Baranovsky 13. NATO allies don’t dismiss the TPNW, Tom Sauer 14. Disarming the unarmed: Current reality of the nuclear Ban Treaty, Manpreet Sethi 15. How nuclear-dependent states could respond to the entry into force of the Ban Treaty, Alexander Kmentt 16. Folding the Umbrella: Nuclear allies, the NPT and the Ban Treaty, Paul Meyer 17. The Nuclear umbrella revisited, Sverre Lodgaard 18. The Nuclear Ban Treaty is a fact, Jorge Hersschens 19. Banning nuclear weapons: A role for Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium? Moritz Kütt, Jan Hoekama and Tom Sauer 20. In subtle diplomatic move, Canada ceases its opposition to Nuclear Weapons Prohibition Treaty, Douglas Roche 21. Latin America and quest for nuclear abolition: From the Treaty of Tlatelolco to the Ban Treaty, Cesar Jaramillo 22. Engaging the nuclear-armed states in the TPNW disarmament process, Thomas E. Shea 23. Don’t mention the ban: Australia’s evasion of the TPNW, Gem Romuld Part III – ARMS CONTROL, DISARMAMENT AND WORLD ORDER 24. Setting new priorities: The EU shifts from civil peace and development projects to military policies, Herbert Wulf 25. Advancing the TPNW, Tilman Ruff 26. Will nuclear states accept post-use responsibility? If not, why not? George Perkovich 27. Mobilising the world behind the nuclear weapons Ban Treaty, Ramesh Thakur 28. Verifying the elimination of nuclear weapons and providing assurance against breakout, John Carlson 29. Exploring new approaches to arms control in the 21st century: Lessons from the INF Treaty and Presidential Nuclear Initiatives, Hugh Miall 30. World order and arms control, David Holloway 31. The future of nuclear arms control: Time for an update, Angela Kane and Noah Mayhew 32. Arms control and world order, Sverre Lodgaard Conclusion. The NPT and the Ban Treaty: Nonproliferation, prohibition, disarmament, Ramesh Thakur
Ramesh Thakur is Emeritus Professor in the Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University; Senior Research Fellow, Toda Peace Institute; and a Fellow of the Australian Institute of International Affairs. His last post was Director of the Centre for Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament at the ANU. He was formerly Senior Vice Rector of the United Nations University (and Assistant Secretary-General of the United Nations). Educated in India and Canada, he has held fulltime academic appointments in Fiji, New Zealand, Canada, and Australia and been a consultant to the Australian, New Zealand and Norwegian governments on arms control, disarmament and international security issues. He was a Commissioner and one of the principal authors of The Responsibility to Protect and Principal Writer of Secretary-General Kofi Annan’s second reform report; and Co-Convenor of the Asia–Pacific Leadership Network for Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament. His books include Nuclear Weapons: The State of Play 2015 (CNND); Nuclear Weapons and International Security: Selected Essays (Routledge); andThe United Nations, Peace and Security: From Collective Security to the Responsibility to Protect, 2nd Ed. (Cambridge University Press).