592 pages | 38 B/W Illus.
Volume I of The Official History of Criminal Justice in England and Wales frames what was known about crime and criminal justice in the 1960s, before describing the liberalising legislation of the decade.
Commissioned by the Cabinet Office and using interviews, British Government records, and papers housed in private, and institutional collections, this is the first of a collaboratively written series of official histories that analyse the evolution of criminal justice between 1959 and 1997. It opens with an account of the inception of the series, before describing what was known about crime and criminal justice at the time. It then outlines the genesis of three key criminal justice Acts that not only redefined the relations between the State and citizen, but also shaped what some believed to be the spirit of the age: the abolition of capital punishment, and the reform of the laws on abortion, and homosexuality. The Acts were taken to be so contentious morally and politically that Governments of different stripes were hesitant about promoting them formally. The onus was instead passed to backbenchers, who were supported by interlocking groups of reformers, with a pooled knowledge about how to effectively organise a rhetoric that drew on the language of utilitarianism, and the clarity and authority of a Church of England. This came to play an increasingly consequential and largely unacknowledged part in resolving what were often confusing moral questions.
This book will be of much interest to students of criminology and British history, politics and law.
1. Crime in the late 1950s and 1960s: A Preamble
2. The Liberal Hour I – Prologue: The Homicide Act 1957
3. The Liberal Hour I: The Murder (Abolition of Death Penalty) Act 1965 c.71; Consummation
4. The Liberal Hour II – The Abortion Act 1967 c. 87: Foundations
5. The Liberal Hour II – The Abortion Act 1967 c. 87: Culmination
6. The Liberal Hour III – The Sexual Offences Act 1967 c. 60: Prologue
7. The Liberal Hour III – The Sexual Offences Act 1967 c. 60: Consummation
The Government Official History series began in 1919 with wartime histories, and the peacetime series was inaugurated in 1966 by Harold Wilson. The aim of the series is to produce major histories in their own right, compiled by historians eminent in the field, who are afforded free access to all relevant material in the official archives. The Histories also provide a trusted secondary source for other historians and researchers while the official records are not in the public domain. The main criteria for selection of topics are that the histories should record important episodes or themes of British history while the official records can still be supplemented by the recollections of key players; and that they should be of general interest, and, preferably, involve the records of more than one government department.