The Official History of Criminal Justice in England and Wales: Volume II: Institution-Building, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

The Official History of Criminal Justice in England and Wales

Volume II: Institution-Building, 1st Edition

By Paul Rock

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556 pages | 46 B/W Illus.

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Description

Volume II of The Official History of Criminal Justice in England and Wales traces, for the first time, the genesis and early evolution of two principal institutions in the criminal justice system, the Crown Court and the Crown Prosecution Service.

This volume examines the origins and shaping of two critical institutions: the Crown Court, which rose from the ashes of the Courts of Assize and Quarter Sessions; and the Crown Prosecution Service which replaced a rather haphazard system of police prosecuting solicitors. The 1971 Courts Act and the 1985 Prosecution of Offences Act were to reconfigure the architecture of criminal justice, transforming the procedures by which people were charged, prosecuted and, in the weightier cases demanding a judge and jury, tried in the criminal courts of England and Wales. One stemmed from a crisis in a medieval system of travelling justices that tried people in the wrong places and for inadequate lengths of time. The other was precipitated by a scandal in which three men were wrongly convicted for the murder of a bisexual prostitute. Theirs is an as yet untold history that can be explored in depth because it is recent enough, in the words of Harold Wilson, to have been ‘written while the official records could still be supplemented by reference to the personal recollections of the public men who were involved’.

This book will be of much interest to students of criminology and British history, politics and law.

Table of Contents

1. Institution-Building: The Courts Act 1971, c23 and the founding of the Crown Court: I

2. Institution-Building: The Courts Act 1971, c23 and the founding of the Crown Court: II

3. Institution-Building: The Courts Act 1971, c23 and the founding of the Crown Court: III

4. Institution-Building: The Courts Act 1971, c23 and the founding of the Crown Court: IV

5. Institution-Building: An Independent Prosecution Service - The Prosecution of Offences Act 1985, c. 23: I Preamble

6. Institution-Building: An Independent Prosecution Service - The Prosecution of Offences Act 1985, c. 23: II The Death of Maxwell Confait

7. Institution-Building: An Independent Prosecution Service - The Prosecution of Offences Act 1985, c. 23: III Inquiries

8. Institution-Building: An Independent Prosecution Service - The Prosecution of Offences Act 1985, c. 23: IV Legislation

9. Institution-Building: An Independent Prosecution Service - The Prosecution of Offences Act 1985, c. 23: V Implementation

About the Author

Paul Rock is an Emeritus Professor of Sociology at the London School of Economics. His published work has focused chiefly on the evolution of criminal justice policies in Canada and England and Wales, particularly for victims of crime, and on developments in criminological theory.

About the Series

Government Official History Series

The Government Official History series began in 1919 with wartime histories, and the peacetime series was inaugurated in 1966 by Harold Wilson. The aim of the series is to produce major histories in their own right, compiled by historians eminent in the field, who are afforded free access to all relevant material in the official archives. The Histories also provide a trusted secondary source for other historians and researchers while the official records are not in the public domain. The main criteria for selection of topics are that the histories should record important episodes or themes of British history while the official records can still be supplemented by the recollections of key players; and that they should be of general interest, and, preferably, involve the records of more than one government department.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HIS010000
HISTORY / Europe / General
HIS015000
HISTORY / Europe / Great Britain
HIS027000
HISTORY / Military / General
LAW025000
LAW / Courts
LAW026000
LAW / Criminal Law / General
POL006000
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Government / Legislative Branch
POL040000
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Government / General
POL040030
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Government / Judicial Branch