This is the first book to provide a panoramic view of the origins of the Boxer War. Comprehensively examining this historical conundrum of the 20th century from a detached perspective, the book is based on ten years of exhaustive research of both unpublished and published materials from all nine countries involved. Analysing the misunderstanding between the Chinese and foreign governments of the day, Lanxin Xiang debunks the traditional view that the anti-foreign Empress Dowager of the Chinese Empire was chiefly responsible for this catastrophic episode which altered the course of 20th century China's relationship with the west.
'An impressive research accomplishment that adds an important new dimension to our understanding of this critical moment in modern Chinese history.' - China Quarterly
1. The Court out of balance 2. The Barbarians out of control 3. Imperialism and the German style 4. Italy, the theatrical performance 5. The eruption in Shangdong 6. Two problems of communication 7. The threat of force 8. The road to confrontation 9. The legation guards and the end of suppression 10. The road to war 11. Admiral "See-No-More" 12. Dagu: the undeclared war 13. The expulsion 14. Who killed Baron Ketteler? Concluding Remarks Bibliography Index