This book analyzes Myanmar’s contemporary political history, arguing that Myanmar’s so-called "democratization" has always been a calculated regime transition, planned by the military, with every intention that the military to remain the key permanent political actor in Myanmar’s political regime.
Using the period since Myanmar’s regime change in 2011 as an extended case study, this book offers an original theory of regime transition. The author argues that Myanmar’s ongoing regime transition has not diverged from its authoritarian military roots and explains how the military has long planned its voluntary partial withdrawal from direct politics. Therefore, Myanmar’s "disciplined democracy" contains features of democratic politics, but at its core remains authoritarian. Providing an original contribution to the theoretical literature on regime change by developing a theory of trial and error regime transition, the book engages with and challenges the popular democratization theory by arguing that this theory does not sufficiently explain hybrid regimes or authoritarian durability. Additionally, the book adds to an alternative understanding of how the regime transition was initiated by examining the historical evolution of Myanmar’s post-colonial regime and offers a fresh perspective on contemporary political developments in Myanmar.
An important contribution to the study of authoritarian durability and the dynamics of regime change in Southeast Asia, this book will be of interest to academic researchers of comparative politics, international relations, and Southeast Asian studies.
Table of Contents
1 Introduction: Myanmar’s Puzzling Transition
2 Myanmar’s Trial and Error Praetorian Regime
3 The Evolution of Myanmar’s Military Regime
4 A Disciplined Society for a Disciplined Democracy
5 Myanmar's Regime Change and the Limits of International Linkage
6 Myanmar's Way to Democracy: Constructing a Hybrid Regime in the Thein Sein Years
7 Consolidating a Disciplined Democracy: A Preliminary Analysis of the Early Aung San Suu Kyi Years (2016–2019)
Roger Lee Huang is Lecturer in Terrorism Studies and Political Violence in the Department of Security Studies and Criminology at Macquarie University, Australia.