240 pages | 56 Color Illus.
This book provides insight into the hydrology, ecosystem services and management of water resources in the Paraná River basin, including the importance of water to the socio-economic development of the countries within the watershed.
Running through Brazil. Paraguay and Argentina, the Paraná River and its watershed is home to some of South America's major population centers as well as important ecosystems threatened by development. At the same time, the river is also a major resource driving the economies of the nations within its boundaries. This volume examines the impacts of environmental degradation, and the tradeoffs between the energy sector and the maintenance of ecosystem services. In particular, it focuses on the threats from development to sensitive ecosystems within the basin and the challenges of transboundary management of water resources. In addition to presenting wider perspectives on water management, the volume specifically covers water infrastructure, aquatic ecosystems, water quality, geomorphological Influences and the impact of climate change. Finally, by assessing each country's current status in meeting the Sustainable Development Goals this volume provides a timely analysis as national governments within the basin are becoming increasingly concerned about the sustainability of the freshwater ecosystems within the Paraná River basin.
This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of water and natural resource management, environmental policy, sustainable development and Latin American studies. It will also be relevant to water management professionals.
1. The Paraná River Basin and its Ecosystem Services
Chris D. Metcalfe and Mirta L. Menone
2. Water Resources: Status and Management Challenges
Paulo Cesar Rocha, Antonio Cezar Leal, Renata Ribeiro de Araújo, et al.
3. Geomorphological and Sedimentological Characteristics
Oscar Orfeo, José Stevaux and Daniel Parsons
4. Water Infrastructure
José Galizia Tundisi and Takako Matsumura-Tundisi
Pablo Collins and Mercedes R. Marchese
6.Climate Change Impacts
Walter Collischonn, João Paulo Lyra Fialho Brêda, Vinícius Alencar Siqueira et al.
7. Water Quality and Impacts of Development
Mirta L. Menone and Franco Teixeira de Mello
8. Transboundary Cooperation
Alejandro Pastori and Francesco Sindico
9. Meeting the Sustainable Development Goals for Water and Sanitation
Chris D. Metcalfe and José Esteban Castro
Large river basins are dynamic and complex entities. Defined by hydrological boundaries, they are nearly always shared by more than one country. Encompassing a diverse range of landscapes with often huge temporal and spatial variability of resources, they are put to different and often conflicting uses, and managed by a range of institutions and organisations. While an intrinsic part of Nature, many have been extensively engineered and used by people, often with adverse consequences. Each major river basin has its own development trajectory and often fascinating history. Bringing together multidisciplinary teams of experts, this series explores these complex issues, identifies knowledge gaps and examines potential development pathways towards greater sustainability.