Chief among the personnel at the Foreign Office is the Permanent Under-secretary, the senior civil servant who oversees the department and advises the Foreign Secretary. This book is a study of the twelve men who held this Office from 1854–1946.
Introduction 1. Edmund Hammond (1854-1873) 2. Lord Tenterden (1873-1882) 3. Sir Julian Pauncefote (1882-1889) 4. Sir Philip Currie (1889-1893) 5. Sir Thomas Sanderson (1894-1906) 6. Sir Charles Hardinge (I) (1906-1910) 7. Sir Arthur Nicolson (1906-1910) 8. Sir Charles Hardinge (II) (1916-1920) 9. Sir Eyre Crowe (1920-1925) 10. Sir William Tyrrell (1925-1928) and Sir Ronald Lindsay (1928-29) 11. Sir Robert Vansittart (1930-1937) 12. Sir Alexander Cadogan (1938-1946). Conclusion
Social change impacts not just upon voting behaviour and party identity but also the formulation of policy. But how do social changes and political developments interact? Which shapes which? Reflecting a belief that social and political structures cannot be understood either in isolation from each other or from the historical processes which form them, this series will examine the forces that have shaped British society and culture. Cross- disciplinary approaches will be encouraged. In the process, the series will aim to make a contribution to existing fields, such as politics, history, sociology and media studies, as well as opening out new and hitherto-neglected fields.