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The Pioneering Photographic Work of Hercule Florence





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ISBN 9780367876852
September 30, 2020 Forthcoming by Routledge
212 Pages

 
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Book Description

This book delivers an in-depth analysis of Hercule Florence, who is virtually unknown despite being among the world’s photographic pioneers. Based on the texts of various manuscripts, letters, diaries, notes, and advertisements, this book answers numerous questions surrounding Florence’s work, including the materials, methods, and techniques he employed and why it took more than a century for his discovery to come to light. Kossoy’s groundbreaking research establishes Florence’s use of "photographie" to describe the product of his experiments, half a decade before Sir John Herschel recommended "photography" to Henry Fox Talbot. This book aims to change the fact that despite its cultural and historical importance, Florence’s photographic breakthrough remains largely unknown in the English-speaking world.

Table of Contents

 

Preface



Introduction





Part I: The Brazil of Hercule Florence



1. Brazil at the beginning of the 19th century



2. The inventor’s youth



3. His arrival to Brazil



4. The Langsdorff Expedition



5. Vila de São Carlos



6. First researches and discoveries



7. Campinas’ first typography. The periodical O Paulista



8. From the pictorial representation to the Salle Obscure



9. Hercule Florence’s other activities after 1839





Part II: Photography



10. Rediscovering the world



11. Europe in the 18th century



Knowledge in optics: the camera obscura



The contribution of chemistry



12. The multiple inventions of Photography



13. The announcement in Brazil of Daguerre’s discovery



14. References to Florence’s Discovery by various authors



15. References registered by Florence about his discovery





Part III: Replication and Confirmation of Florence’s Discovery



16. Critical examination of the sources: Methodology



17. Written sources



Description of the physical characteristics and content of the diaries



Analysis of the texts related to photography included in the diaries



First notes



The use of the câmera obscura. Sensitizing paper with silver nitrate



"Printing" by means of sunlight



Preparing the matrix or "negative" preparation. Materials and techniques



Sensitizing surfaces. Chemical substances. Materials and techniques



Printing plates



Searching for a fixing agent. Experimentations with urine. The use of ammonia. Other references.



International primacy in the use of the term photographie



18. Iconographic Sources



Physical characteristics and content of the sources. Description and analysis.



19. Other Sources



20. Florence’s sta

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Author(s)

Biography

Boris Kossoy is Professor in the School of Communication and Arts at the University of São Paulo, Brazil.