This pathbreaking volume on gender studies contains contributions from 15 international scholars in six countries on the topic of reproduction policies. It combines an analysis of child care policies with one of procreative policies for each country. From various fields of study around the world, the contributors present new research from many perspectives. However the combination of two research perspectives provides innovative insights into the relationship between family, gender, and population policies. Apart from the emphasis on single countries, the book also provides general conclusions on politics, medical science, and society on the still controversial topic of reproduction policies.