According to recent estimates, around 6,000 people – mostly children under five – die every day from diseases caused by inappropriate water and sanitation (WS) services. Much of the academic and political debate surrounding this issue has focused on private sector participation. By shifting the attention towards the influence of governance, Krause examines the political and sectoral institutions that are essential for the provision of WS services. Utilizing data from sixty-nine developing countries, Matthias Krause demonstrates that the level of democracy has a statistically significant positive impact on access to WS services and that low-quality governance of sub-national governments compromises the internal efficiency of providers and the widespread access to services. This book makes a critical contribution to the water and sanitation research and will help academics and policy-makers to rethink the way in which they deal with water issues.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction 2. Normative and problem-oriented framework for assessing WS policies 3. Political-economic framework for analysing the relation between governance and the provision of WS services 4. Political governance and access to WS services: A cross-country regression analysis 5. The role of governance and PSP for the provision of WS services: Case study on Colombia 6. Summary and conclusions. Appendix.
Matthias Krause is an economist at the German Development Institute in Bonn, Germany. He has several years of research and working experience in Latin America (among others in Chile, Brazil and Colombia). His main research activities lie within the fields of private sector participation in infrastructure, political economy of regulation, and private sector development.