The Political Economy of the Agri-Food System in Thailand
Hegemony, Counter-Hegemony, and Co-Optation of Oppositions
The mainstream agri-food system in Thailand has been shaped to aid capital accumulation by domestic and transnational hegemonic forces, and is currently sustained through hegemonic agri-food production-distribution, governance structures and ideational order. However, sustainable agriculture and land reform movements have to certain extents managed to offer alternatives.
This book adopts a neo-Marxist and Gramscian approach to studying the political economy of the agricultural and food system in Thailand (1990-2014). The author argues that hegemonic forces have many measures to co-opt dissent into hegemonic structures, and that counter-hegemony should be seen as an ongoing process over a long period of time where predominantly counter-hegemonic forces, constrained by political economic structural conditions, may at times retain some hegemonic elements. Contrary to what some academic studies suggest, the author argues that localist-inspired social movements in Thailand are not insular and anti-globalisation. Instead, they are selective in fostering collaborations and globalisation based on values such as sustainability, fairness and partnership.
Providing new perspectives on polarised politics in Thailand, particularly how cross-class alliances can further or frustrate counter-hegemonic movements, the book points to the importance of analysing social movements in relation to established political authority. It will be of interest to academics in the field of Politics and International Relations, Sociology, Development Studies and Asian Studies.
Table of Contents
1. An Overview of The Political Economy of the Agri-Food System in Thailand
2. Dynamics of the Global Capitalist Agri-Food System
3. Hegemony in the Agri-Food System in Thailand
5. The Sustainable Agriculture Movement in Thailand
6. The Land Reform Movement in Thailand
7. Conclusion and Reflections
Prapimphan Chiengkul is a lecturer in the Department of International Relations, Faculty of Political Science, Thammasat University, Thailand. Her research interests are the political economy of development, international/global political economy, green politics, as well as transnational social movements and global governance.