The leader's portrait, produced in a variety of media (statues, coins, billboards, posters, stamps), is a key instrument of propaganda in totalitarian regimes, but increasingly also dominates political communication in democratic countries as a result of the personalization and spectacularization of campaigning.
Written by an international group of contributors, this volume spans the last one hundred years, covering a wide range of countries around the globe, and dealing with dictatorial regimes and democratic systems alike. As well as discussing the effigies that are produced by the powers that be for propaganda purposes, it looks at the uses of portraiture by antagonistic groups or movements as forms of derision, denunciation and demonization.
This volume will be of interest to researchers in visual studies, art history, media studies, cultural studies, politics and contemporary history.
1. Introduction: Faces of Politics [Luciano Cheles and Pierre Sorlin]; 2. Portraits of United States Presidents and National Candidates Past and Present [Steven Seidman]; 3. Representing Leaders in Britain. The Portraits of Winston Churchill, Harold Wilson, Margaret Thatcher and Tony Blair [Simon Downs]; 4. The Dawn of Political Portraiture in Italy [Maurizio Ridolfi]; 5. Alessandra Antola Swan: Manufacturing Charisma: Mussolini's Photographic Portraits [Alessandra Antola Swan]; 6. A Dictator with a Human Face? The Portraits of the Austrian Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss [Lucile Dreidemy]; 7. Franco: When the Portrait Matters More than the Model [Pierre Sorlin]; 8. The Face of the Regime. Political Portraiture in the Soviet Union and Russia [Graeme Gill]; 9. Faces of Mao [Stefan Landsberger]; 10. Monuments in History: Political Portraiture in North Korea [Mary Ginsberg]; 11.‘For Our Beloved Leader’. Nicolae Ceausescu's Propaganda Portraits [Manuela Marin]; 12. The German Chancellors: Visual Strategies for the Image of the Head of State [Manja Wilkens]; 13. From Reticence to Excess: Political Portraiture in Italy from the Fall of Fascism to the Present [Luciano Cheles]; 14. The Presidential Portrait in Italy: from Officialdom to Satire [Alessandro Giacone]; 15. Staging Power in France: Political Portraiture from Mitterrand to Macron [Luciano Cheles]; 16. Political Portraiture in Early Republican Turkey: Mustafa Atatürk and İsmet İnönü [Christopher Wilson & Sinan Niyazioghr]; 17. Burning United States Presidents: Protest Effigies in Iraq, Iran and Afghanistan [Florian Göttke]