Most accounts on the Spanish transition to democracy of the late 1970s are based on a false dilemma. Its simplest formulation could be: was it the pressure from below, i.e. the organized working classes, students and neighbors associations that triggered political change; or was the elite settlement reached by the regime soft-liners and the moderate sectors of the democratic opposition that established it? This new and innovative volume appraises the movement towards a more democratic Spain from a variety of important perspectives; the collection of essays sheds light on the wide range of crucial processes, institutions and actors involved in the political transformation that operated in the Spanish instance of the Third Wave of democratization.
By making comparisons to other democratic transitions, synthesizing the ideas of several leading Spanish History scholars, as well as incorporating new voices involved in creating the directions of research to come, The Politics and Memory of Democratic Transition offers a thorough and vital look at this key period in contemporary Spanish history, taking stock of critical lessons to be gleaned from the Spanish Transition, and pointing the way toward its future as a democratic nation.
Introduction. Gregorio Alonso and Diego Muro Part I: Politics 1. The Spanish Model Revisited. Richard Gunther 2. The Selection of an Electoral System: Less Consensus, More Heresthetics. José Ramón Montero and Ignacio Lago 3. Interparty Consensus and Partisanship in Spain's Transition to Democracy. Bonnie N. Field Part II: Civil Society 4. Radicalism without Representation: On the Character of Social Movements in the Spanish Transition to Democracy. Pablo Sánchez León 5. Children of a Lesser God: The Political and the Pastoral Action of the Spanish Catholic Church. Gregorio Alonso Part III: Nationalism 6. Salvation by Betrayal: The Left and the Spanish Nation. Alejandro Quiroga 7. The Basque Experience of the Transition to Democracy. Diego Muro Part IV: Memory 8. ‘Pacto de Olvido’. Carsten Humlabaek 9.Cinema and Television in the Transition. Paul Julian Smith Part V: International Dimension 10. The Role of the EEC in the Spanish, Portuguese and Greek Transitions. José M. Magone 11. Democratizing Spain: Lessons for International Democratic Promotion. Omar Encarnación