The Politics of Arctic Resources: Change and Continuity in the

The Politics of Arctic Resources

Change and Continuity in the "Old North" of Northern Europe, 1st Edition

Edited by E. C. H. Keskitalo


272 pages | 10 B/W Illus.

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The Arctic has often been seen as a natural area, or even a “wilderness”, where mainly indigenous and subsistence activities have been prominent. Contrary to this, the present volume highlights the very long historical development of resource use systems in northern Europe, across multiple actors and multiple levels, and including varying population groups.

The book takes a past-present-future perspective that illustrates the paths to institutional emergence, change or persistence over time. It also illustrates how institutions may themselves drive changes, through a focus on resource use cases in northern Europe. This volume demonstrates that understanding “northern” issues is less about understanding sets of geophysical, climatological or environmental conditions than about understanding social and institutional structures. Understanding these trajectories into the future is seen as a key way of understanding what responses to future change may be likely and what the institutions are that will shape, limit or enable our responses to climate change.

This book will be of great use to scholars and graduates in the fields of Arctic and northern-region politics, and to researchers of resource use and climate change with a focus on vulnerability, social vulnerability, adaptation and mitigation.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction. Understanding historical contingencies into the future: cases from northern Europe

E. Carina H. Keskitalo, Maria Pettersson, Sverker Sörlin

Chapter 2: Hot-spots and spaces in-between: development and settlement in the ‘Old North’

Dean Carson, Lovisa Solbär, Olof Stjernström

Chapter 3: State and Resources in the North: From territorial assertion to the ‘smorgasbord state’

Sverker Sörlin

Chapter 4: The institutionalization of forestry as a primary land use in Sweden

Jan Kunnas, E. Carina H. Keskitalo, Maria Pettersson, Olof Stjernström

Chapter 5: Constructing northern Fennoscandia as a mining region

Dag Avango, Jan Kunnas, Maria Pettersson, Örjan Pettersson, Peder Roberts, Lovisa Solbär, Paul Warde, Urban Wråkberg

Chapter 6: Making "Wilderness" in a northern natural resource periphery: on restructuring and the production of a pleasure periphery in northern Sweden

Dieter K. Müller, Joakim Byström, Olof Stjernström, Daniel Svensson

Chapter 7: Ethnic identity and resource rights in Sweden

Per Axelsson, Peter Sköld, Corinna Röver

Chapter 8: Energy regimes in the Fennoscandian north, c1900–2015

Paul Warde

Chapter 9: Oil and gas extraction in the Barents Sea: a Nordic state-industry governance system goes north

Urban Wråkberg

Chapter 10: Troubling the northern seas: The turbulent history of Norwegian and Russian fisheries

Sabine Höhler, Julia Lajus, Peder Roberts, Urban Wråkberg

Chapter 11: Imageries and historical change in the European Russian Arctic

Niklas Eklund, Julia Lajus, Vassily Borovoy, Ekaterina Kalemeneva, Dmitry Lajus, Daria Stogova, Andrian Vlakhov, Urban Wråkberg

Chapter 12: Regional futures nested in global structures

Annika E. Nilsson, Niklas Eklund, Marie Jürisoo, Ekaterina Klimenko, Lize-Marié van der Watt

Chapter 13: Conclusion. The "Old North" – or quite simply the developed northern Europe

E. Carina H. Keskitalo

About the Editor

E. Carina H. Keskitalo is Professor of Political Science at the Department of Geography and Economic History, Umeå University, Sweden. She is the editor or author of eight books and one special issue, as well as the author of more than a hundred peer-reviewed scientific articles and book chapters. Her work has focused on the politics of the development of the Arctic as an international region, and on environmental policy and climate change adaptation in a comparative context. She is a contributing author to the 2014 IPCC report, to the second Arctic Human Development Report, and a member of the Group of Chief Scientific Advisors to the European Commission as well as the Swedish expert council on adaptation to climate change. She is also the research coordinator for Sweden's first Arctic social sciences and humanities research programme, the Mistra Arctic Sustainable Development programme, within which this book was produced.

About the Series

Transforming Environmental Politics and Policy

Transforming Environmental Politics and Policy
The theory and practice of environmental politics and policy are rapidly emerging as key areas of intense concern in the first, third and industrializing worlds. People of diverse nationalities, religions and cultures wrestle daily with environment and development issues central to human and non-human survival on the planet Earth. Air, Water, Earth, Fire. These central elements mix together in so many ways, spinning off new constellations of issues, ideas and actions, gathering under a multitude of banners: energy security, food sovereignty, climate change, genetic modification, environmental justice and sustainability, population growth, water quality and access, air pollution, mal-distribution and over-consumption of scarce resources, the rights of the non-human, the welfare of future citizens-the list goes on. What is much needed in green debates is for theoretical discussions to be rooted in policy outcomes and service delivery. So, while still engaging in the theoretical realm, this series also seeks to provide a 'real world' policy-making dimension. Politics and policy making is interpreted widely here to include the territories, discourses, instruments and domains of political parties, non-governmental organizations, protest movements, corporations, international regimes, and transnational networks. From the local to the global-and back again-this series explores environmental politics and policy within countries and cultures, researching the ways in which green issues cross North-South and East-West divides. The 'Transforming Environmental Politics and Policy' series exposes the exciting ways in which environmental politics and policy can transform political relationships, in all their forms.

Learn more…

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