The Politics of Identity in Latin American Censuses contributes new and original perspectives to existing discussions about the shaping of multiculturalist ideology in Latin America, its interweaving with the cultural politics of neoliberalism and the relation between ethnic identification resurgence and economic globalization.
Scrutinising national censuses across the continent, the studies included in this volume reveal clear relationships between censuses, nation-building and government projects, but also strong and determinant connections between domestic and supra-national spheres. The contributors to this volume open provocative avenues of research on Latin American societies by demonstrating how, in the realm of identity politics, supra-national institutions and normativity socialise national census bureaus in a way that largely annuls ideological differences between regional governments.
This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Iberian and Latin American Research.
Table of Contents
1. The Politics of Identity in Latin American Censuses Luis F. Angosto-Ferrández and Sabine Kradolfer
2. Mutaciones de la identificación indígena durante el debate del censo 2012 en Bolivia: mestizaje abandonado, indigeneidad estatal y proliferación minoritaria Salvador Schavelzon
3. Chile: Lo indígena como categoría censal. La disputa entre el reconocimiento y la autoadscripción Francisca de la Maza
4. From ‘café con leche’ to ‘o café, o leche’: National Identity, Mestizaje and Census Politics in Contemporary Venezuela Luis F. Angosto-Ferrández
5. The Minimization of Indigenous Numbers and the Fragmentation of Civil Society in the 2010 Census in Ecuador Carmen Martínez Novo
6. Los censos indígenas en Paraguay: entre el auto-reconocimiento y la discriminación Sarah Patricia Cerna Villagra
7. Whitening via Erasure: Space, Place and the Census in Costa Rica Erica Townsend-Bell
8. Racial and Ethnic Identities in Mexican Statistics Emiko Saldívar and Casey Walsh
Luis F. Angosto-Ferrández is a Lecturer at the University of Sydney, Australia. His recent publications include Democracy, Revolution and Geopolitics in Latin America: Venezuela and the International Politics of Discontent (2014).
Sabine Kradolfer is currently senior researcher at the University of Lausanne, Switzerland. She is co-editor (with Luis F. Angosto-Ferrández) of Everlasting Countdowns: Race, Ethnicity and National Censuses in Latin American States (2012).