The Politics of Post-Industrial Welfare States
Adapting Post-War Social Policies to New Social Risks
This new study assesses the welfare state to ask key questions and draw new conclusions about its place in modern society.
It shows how the welfare states that we have inherited from the early post-war years had one main objective: to protect the income of the male breadwinner. Today, however, massive social change, in particular the shift from industrial to post-industrial societies and economies, have resulted in new demands being put on welfare states. These demands originate from situations that are typical of the new family and labour market structures that have become widespread in western countries since the 1970s and 1980s, characterised by the clear prevalence of service employment and by the massive entry of women in the labour market.
Against this background, this book:
* presents a precise and clear definition of 'new social risks'. A concept being increasingly used in welfare state literature.
* focuses on the groups that are mostly exposed to new social risks (women, the young, the low-skilled) in order to study their political behaviour.
* assesses policymaking processes that can lead to successful adaptation. It covers key areas such as child care, care for elderly people, adapting pensions to atypical career patterns, active labour market policies, and policy making at the EU level.
This book will be of great interest for all students and scholars of politics, sociology and the welfare state in particular.
Table of Contents
PART I: POLITICS OF NEW SOCIAL RISK
1 New social risks and the politics of post-industrial social policies
2 Political parties and new social risks: The double backlash against Social Democracy and Christian Democracy
Hans Keman, Kees van Kersbergen and Barbara Vis
3 New social risk and political preferences
Herbert Kitschelt and Philipp Rehm
4 Public attitudes and new social risk reform
Johannes Kananen, Peter Taylor-Gooby and Trine P. Larsen
5 Reconciling competing claims of the welfare state clientele. The politics of old and new social risk coverage in comparative perspective
6 Trade union movements in post-industrial welfare states. Opening up to new social interests?
7 Combatting old and new social risks
Evelyn Huber and John D. Stephens
Part 2: PATTERNS OF POLICY ADAPTATION
8 New social risks and pension reform in Germany and Sweden: The politics of pension rights for child care
Karen M. Anderson and Traute Meyer
9 New labour market risks and the revision of unemployment protection systems in Europe
Jochen Clasen and Daniel Clegg
10 Child care policies in diverse European welfare states: Switzerland, Sweden, France and Britain
11 Providing coverage against new social risks in Bismarckian welfare states: The case of long term care
12 The EU and New Social Risks: The Need for a Differentiated Evaluation
Oliver Treib and Gerda Falkner
Klaus Armingeon is Professor of Political Science, and director, at the Institute of Political Science, University of Berne, Switzerland. He serves on the scientific boards of the Max Planck Institute in Cologne and the Center for Surveys and Methods (ZUMA), Mannheim. He co-edited Nation and National Identity: the European experience in perspective; and The OECD and European Welfare States.
Giuliano Bonoli is Professor of social policy at the Swiss graduate school for public administration (IDHEAP), Lausanne. He previously worked at the Universities of Fribourg and Bern in Switzerland, and at the University of Bath in Britain. He has edited a number of books including European Welfare Futures: towards a theory of retrenchment; The Politics of Pension Reform: Institutions and policy change in Europe; Social Democratic Party Policies in Contemporary Europe (also published by Routledge); Aging and Pension Reform around the World; and Labour Market and Social Protection Reforms in International Perspective.
'A coherent collection of comparative chapters which cover either all or a sample of advanced industrial democracies.' - International Social Security Review, Vol. 59
'Concerntrates on the process of adapting welfare states to changing structures of social risks. First, looks at how those who are most exposed to the new risks (women, the young, low-skilled workers) mobilize in the political arena and examines their demands, then moves on to analyze specific instances of welfare state adaptation in the fields of care policy, pensions and labour market policies.'
- International Social Security Review, Vol. 59