This new study assesses the welfare state to ask key questions and draw new conclusions about its place in modern society.
It shows how the welfare states that we have inherited from the early post-war years had one main objective: to protect the income of the male breadwinner. Today, however, massive social change, in particular the shift from industrial to post-industrial societies and economies, have resulted in new demands being put on welfare states. These demands originate from situations that are typical of the new family and labour market structures that have become widespread in western countries since the 1970s and 1980s, characterised by the clear prevalence of service employment and by the massive entry of women in the labour market.
Against this background, this book:
* presents a precise and clear definition of 'new social risks'. A concept being increasingly used in welfare state literature.
* focuses on the groups that are mostly exposed to new social risks (women, the young, the low-skilled) in order to study their political behaviour.
* assesses policymaking processes that can lead to successful adaptation. It covers key areas such as child care, care for elderly people, adapting pensions to atypical career patterns, active labour market policies, and policy making at the EU level.
This book will be of great interest for all students and scholars of politics, sociology and the welfare state in particular.
Table of Contents
Part 1: Politics of the New Social Risk 1. New Social Risks and the Politics of Post-Industrial Social Policies 2. Political Parties and New Social Risks: The Double Backlash against Social Democracy and Christian Democracy 3. New Social Risk and Political Preferences 4. Public Attitudes and New Social Risk Reform 5. Reconciling Competing Claims of the Welfare State Clientele 6. The Politics of Old and New Social Risk Coverage in Comparative Perspective 7. Trade Union Movements in Post-Industrial Welfare States. Opening up to New Social Interests? 8. Combatting Old and New Social Risks Part 2: Patterns of Policy Adaption 9. New Social Risks and Pension Reform in Germany and Sweden: The Politics of Pension Rights for Child Care 10. New Labour Market Risks and the Revision of Unemployment Protection Systems in Europe 11. Child Care Policies in Diverse European Welfare States: Switzerland, Sweden, France and Britain 12. Providing Coverage against New Social Risks in Bismarckian Welfare States: The Case of Long Term Care 13. The EU and New Social Risks: The Need for a Differentiated Evaluation
'A coherent collection of comparative chapters which cover either all or a sample of advanced industrial democracies.' - International Social Security Review, Vol. 59
'Concerntrates on the process of adapting welfare states to changing structures of social risks. First, looks at how those who are most exposed to the new risks (women, the young, low-skilled workers) mobilize in the political arena and examines their demands, then moves on to analyze specific instances of welfare state adaptation in the fields of care policy, pensions and labour market policies.'
- International Social Security Review, Vol. 59