The Politics of Race and Racialisation in the Middle East
This book explores the extent to which race and racialisation offer us an explanatory framework to study the contemporary politics of identity in the Middle East today. Most studies of the Middle East commonly presume that the race signifier is reserved for the juxtaposition of 'Black' and 'White' identity to which the Arab, Persian and Turkish world counts itself as exterior. Up until now, few works on the Middle East have discussed race as central to their analysis. This book works to remedy this shortcoming by extending the critical scholarship on race and racial subordination to the region's states and societies. Crucially, how does race interact with and confront other categories of identity, such as gender, religion, sect and nationality? What can a consideration of racialisation reveal about structures of oppression in the Middle East and evolving forms of belonging and dispossession? Adopting race as the focus of enquiry allows us to unpack what we are really talking about when we talk about difference in the region: the reproduction and resilience of power and the insidious, harmful mutations of identity-based discrimination in unequal societies.
The Politics of Race and Racialisation in the Middle East is a significant new contribution to racial and ethnic studies, and will be a great resource for academics, researchers, and advanced students of sociology, politics, history, social anthropology, political and cultural geography.
The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of Ethnic and Racial Studies.
1. Introduction: confronting the legacy and contemporary iterations of racial politics in the Middle East
2. The Israel/ Palestine Racial Contract and the challenge of anti- Racism: a case study of the United Nations World Conference Against Racism
Abigail B. Bakan and Yasmeen Abu- Laban
3. Palestine along the colour line: race, colonialism, and construction labour, 1918– 1948
Nimrod Ben Zeev
4. Anti- Muslim hate on the eastern shores of the Mediterranean: Lebanon, the Hijab, and modernity/ coloniality
5. Racial otherness, citizenship, and belonging: experiences of “not looking like a Turk”
6. Difference in difference: language, geography, and ethno- racial identity in contemporary Iran
Rasmus Elling and Kevan Harris
7. The racial politics of smart urbanism: Dubai and Beirut as two sides of the same coin
Özgün Eylül İşcen