Social exclusion and inclusion remain issues of fundamental importance to democracy. Both exclusion and inclusion relate to the access to participation in the public realm, public goods and services for certain groups of people who are minorities, marginalized and deprived. Democratization has led to the inclusion of the previously excluded in the political process. While the problems of exclusion remain even in advanced Western countries in respect of the minorities of sorts, and the underprivileged, the problem of deep-rooted social and cultural exclusions is acute in post-colonial countries, including India. This book analyses social exclusions in India, which remain the most solid challenges to Indian democracy and development. Communal clashes, ethnic riots, political secessionist movements and extremist violence take place almost routinely, and are the outward manifestations of the entrenched culture of social exclusion in India. With its interdisciplinary approach, the book looks at the multidimensional problems of social exclusion and inclusion, providing a critical, comprehensive analysis of the problem and of potential solutions. The authors are experts in the fields of historical sociology, anthropology, political theory, social philosophy, economics and indigenous vernacular literature. Overall, the book offers an innovative theoretical perspective of the long-term issues facing contemporary Indian democracy.
Introduction - Harihar Bhattacharyya, Partha Sarkar, and Angshuman Kar 1. Some Theoretical Issues Concerning Social Exclusion and Inclusion in India - Sobhanlal Datta Gupta 2. Social Exclusion and the Strategy of Empowerment - T. K. Oommen 3. Identity Politics and Social Exclusion in India’s North-East: The Case for Redistributive Justice - N. K. Das 4. Inclusion in Nationhood: Bhudev Mukhopadhyay’s Concept of Jatiyabhav - Harihar Bhattacharyya 5. Rabindra Nath Tagore’s Concept of Social Exclusion and Inclusion in India: A Nation without Nationalism - Jyotirmay Bhattacharyya 6. Identity and Social Exclusion-Inclusion: A Muslim Perspective - Asghar Ali Engineer 7. Inclusive and Exclusive Development in India in the Post-Reform Era - Provat Kuri 8. Social Exclusion in India: Evidences from the Wage Labour Market - Rajarshi Majumdar 9. Polavaram Dam Project: A Case Study of Displacement of Marginalized People - Sudipti Banerjea 10. Purity as Exclusion, Caste as Division: The Ongoing Battle for Equality - Jasbir Jain 11. Narrating Gender and Power: Literary and Cultural Texts and Contexts - Sanjukta Das Gupta 12. The Fire and the Rain: A Study in Myths of Power - Anima Biswas 13. Conclusion: Democracy at the Crossroads - Harihar Bhattacharyya, Partha Sarkar, and Angshuman Kar List of Contributors
South Asia, with its burgeoning, ethnically diverse population, soaring economies, and nuclear weapons, is an increasingly important region in the global context. The series, which builds on this complex, dynamic and volatile area, features innovative and original research on the region as a whole or on the countries. Its scope extends to scholarly works drawing on history, politics, development studies, sociology and economics of individual countries from the region as well those that take an interdisciplinary and comparative approach to the area as a whole or to a comparison of two or more countries from this region. In terms of theory and method, rather than basing itself on any one orthodoxy, the series draws broadly on the insights germane to area studies, as well as the tool kit of the social sciences in general, emphasizing comparison, the analysis of the structure and processes, and the application of qualitative and quantitative methods. The series welcomes submissions from established authors in the field as well as from young authors who have recently completed their doctoral dissertations.